Under the auspices of the UN, the World Anti-crisis Conference (WAC) will take place in Astana on 23-24 May 2013. The idea of the World Anti-Crisis conference was introduced by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, and was supported by members of the “Dialogue of leaders” at the Vth Astana Economic Forum. Political leaders, ministers of finance and economy, heads of central banks of the UN member countries, as well as business representatives and heads of international and financial organizations will discuss possible ways out of the global economic crisis and work on a draft of the UN World Anti-Crisis plan.
WAC events, 23rd May 2013
Panel session 1 – A DECADE OF REGULATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE EUROZONE: POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSION
Questions for discussion: Should countries of Europe pursue the policy of austerity? What is the right balance between fiscal consolidation and growth? What are the political consequences? How faster economic growth may be achieved? Before the crisis of the Eurozone, besides single currency and fiscal constraints, institutional architecture of the European Monetary Union was minimalist: the management of economic and financial policy was firmly based on national competence. At the moment, the question is how to strengthen the architecture of the European Monetary Union? How can the transition to an effective and sustainable monetary union be achieved?
Panel session 2 – ASSESSMENT OF MONETARY POLICY AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY
Questions for discussion: What is the effectiveness and possible risks of ‘non-standard’ monetary policy measures? Is the world in a state of severe “currency wars”? Is currency depreciation a current trend? Is there a reconfiguration of the role of monetary policy in the Western world? How significant is the concept of independence of Central Banks today? What will be the best exit from unconventional monetary measures for the US, UK and Japan? How will the rest of the world cope with external effects? How should central banks of developing countries respond to the developed countries’ strategy? Does the current drop in gold price impact upon the aggregate balance of the central banks of developed countries?
Panel session 3 – GLOBAL CAPITAL MARKETS IN TRANSITION: CHANGES OF THE FINANCIAL LANDSCAPE
Questions for discussion: How will the global economic and financial landscape develop? Is there a trend of increasing disintermediation and an important role of capital markets in the global financial system? Will the global financial system ultimately become more important in the global economy? How to counter the risks of fragmentation and secondary re-nationalization of financial systems? There is a growth in emerging markets and the growing importance of capital markets with the development of local bond markets in local currency and the deepening of the financial sector. Will this trend continue?
WAC events, 24th May 2013
Round table 1– NEW WORLD FINANCIAL ARCHITECTURE
Problems caused by the crisis raised questions about the traditional foundations of global economic governance. How could the global economic governance be strengthened in the future?
Round table 2 – G20: ADAPTING TO NEW REALITIES OF THE WORLD ECONOMY (outreach event of the Russian Presidency of G20).
Under the presidency of Russia in the G20, a critical challenge is what the G20 could offer to help the global economic recovery. In this context, how could the G20 find solutions to change traditional views on investment flows and their impact on the growth of various economic centers of the world?
Round table 3 – RECOVERY OF GROWTH IN A MORE FRAGMENTED WORLD ECONOMY.
The crisis caused the process of the ‘great balance change in the global economy’. Is there progress in the balance change of the key world economies: China, the U.S. and the Eurozone? Is this a cyclical or a structural process? Is the world economy deviating? What will be the end of this process?
Round table 4: ADOPTING RESOLUTIONS OF THE WORLD ANTI-CRISIS CONFERENCE
WAC speakers and participants: Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan; Vuk Jeremic, President of the UN General Assembly; Wu Hongbo, Deputy Secretary General of the UN and the Head of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs; Supachai Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); political leaders (presidents, prime ministers), business representatives, heads of international organizations (World Bank, IMF).
MEP Vasile Blaga: Romania is an example in terms of minorities, and an over-regulation at EU level would be “harmful”
MEP Vasile Blaga (PNL, EPP) considers that Romania is an example in terms of minorities, and over-regulation at EU level would be ”harmful”.
“As for the Minority SafePack initiative, I fully support the democratic participation of citizens in EU decisions. But citizens’ initiatives, such as this one, cannot achieve the spirit and principles set out in the fundamental treaties of the European Union. In this sense, the initiative does not tell us that in order to make it happen, it is necessary to amend the EU treaties but also the constitutional order in the Member States. Likewise, the initiative speaks of collective rights on ethnic grounds given that at EU level there is not even a clear definition of a national minority. Moreover, the effects of the implementation of this initiative could generate an even greater polarization of societies, contrary to the EU objective – integration and cohesion “, underlined the MEP Vasile Blaga, according to the official press release, sent by CaleaEuropeana.ro
Minority Safe Pack is a package of law proposals for the safety of the national minorities, a set of EU legal acts that enable the promotion of minority rights, language rights, and the protection of their cultures. In short, it sums up our main objectives: safety for minorities and legislative package for minorities: ”We want the European Union to take responsibility and become a genuine promoter of cultural and linguistic diversity across Europe. We want the Copenhagen Criteria on protecting the rights of minorities to be observed also by the Member States of the EU.”
MEP Vasile Blaga: By supporting the CAP reform, the EP is firmly committed to the development of small rural communities and jobs in the agri-food sector
By supporting the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), the European Parliament is firmly committed to the development of small rural communities and jobs in the agri-food sector, is the statement made by MEP Vasile Blaga (PNL, EPP) for caleaeuropeana.ro.
“The reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, voted by the European Parliament at the last plenary in Brussels last week, offers an extremely strong signal of support for all farmers in the European Union. Parliament thus makes a strong commitment, especially to small farmers, but also to young farmers who, through their work, ensure the Union’s food security. In other words, the EU is committed to preserving and developing small rural communities and protecting and increasing the number of jobs in the agri-food sector. In short, the measures voted aim at the sustainability, flexibility and increased resistance to the crisis of the entire agri-food sector “, said the EPP MEP.
The strategic plans regulation was approved by 425 votes in favour to 212 against, with 51 abstentions. The regulation on common market organisation was approved by 463 votes in favour to 133 against, with 92 abstentions. The regulation on financing, management and monitoring of the CAP was approved by 434 votes in favour to 185 against, with 69 abstentions.
MEPs endorsed a policy shift that should better tailor the EU’s farm policy to the needs of individual member states but they insist on maintaining a level playing field across the Union. National governments should draft strategic plans, which the Commission will endorse, specifying how they intend to implement EU objectives on the ground. The Commission would be checking their performance, not only their compliance with EU rules.
Belarus opposition leader expresses “gratitude” to Romania and Klaus Iohannis for their solidarity: “We feel the support from Romania, Lithuania and Poland”
Sviatlana Tikhanovskaya, the leader of the democratic opposition in Belarus, expressed her gratitude to Romania and President Klaus Iohannis for the support that Bucharest, together with Warsaw and Vilnius, has given to the democratic movement and the peaceful demonstrators that took the streets of Minsk and other Belarusian cities against the oppressive regime of Aleksandr Lukashenko.
Sviatlana Tikhanovskaya, who took refuge in Lithuania, made this comments in an online intervention during a debate organized in Bucharest by the Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania and the Centre for Conflict Prevention and Early Warning (CPC-EW) at the Romanian Diplomatic Institute.
“Given the opportunity, I would like to take the time to express my gratitude to our Romanian friends, who’s President (e.n. – Klaus Iohannis) on September 21st together with his Polish and Lithuanian colleagues signed a letter to the international community to help ensure that Belarusians receive the support we drastically need in our economical, political, and social transition. (…) The old saying, and friend in need is a friend indeed, has never seemed more resonant for Belarusians as our country is ruled by an autocrat giving order to use violence on peaceful demonstrators. We welcome, every bit of solidarity, as support, and we feel the support from Romania, Lithuania and Poland“, Tikhanovskaya said.
“Not so long ago, in 1989, Romania, Poland and Lithuania walked in the same shoes. Today, the time for Belarusians has come to unshackle ourselves, to acknowledge and let go the ghosts of our past and to look into the future“, she added.
Romania played has an active role in the European Union’s position on the situation in Belarus, the debate also taking place in the context of the Joint Declaration signed by the Presidents of Lithuania, Poland and Romania in support of a democratic Belarus, in which the three heads of state called on the European Union to identify economic support measures for a democratic Belarus.
The call of the three presidents has been included in the conclusions of the special European Council of 1-2 October, when the leaders of the 27 member states of the European Union invited the European Commission to come up with proposals to support this country.
Previously, Romania provided 100,000 euros in support to Belarusian civil society and independent journalism. The Romanian ambassador to Minsk also joined his EU colleagues and visited Svetlana Aleksievich, a Nobel Prize winner and a member of the Democratic Opposition Coordinating Council, an entity that will receive the Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought from the European Parliament.
At the same time, in another gesture of solidarity with Poland and Lithuania, Romania decided to recall its ambassador from Minsk for consultations. Lithuania and Poland have decided to resort to this measure after Belarus recalled its ambassadors to Vilnius and Warsaw for consultations following EU sanctions on Belarusian officials accused of electoral fraud and human rights violations.
Also, both the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies have adopted two declarations on the violation of fundamental human rights in Belarus, documents by which the Romanian Parliament expresses its solidarity with the Belarusian people, calls for an end to violence against peaceful protests in Belarus and considers necessary more articulated reaction ”from the international community in the event that the situation does not improve urgently.
Last but not least, Romania is among the countries requesting the inclusion of Alexandr Lukashenko on the list of sanctions of the European Union.
The situation in Belarus deteriorated following the presidential election on August 9, when the democratic opposition led by candidate Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya and civil society accused the regime of President Aleksandr Lukashenko of defrauding the election results.
Violent repression by the authoritarian regime in Minsk of the protests and demonstrations that followed, as well as suspicion of fraud in these elections, led the European Union to take a position in support of the democratic opposition and to take restrictive measures against Lukashenko regime officials.
There are major concerns at EU level and about Belarus’ interest in the size of nuclear energy and nuclear safety, given that the unsafe operation of the Astravets plant poses a major threat to the region and implicitly to the European Union.
The European Union has also warned that an additional list of sanctions could include Alexander Lukashenko, whose new presidential term is considered illegitimate by the Western community, which was adopted on October 12.
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