Under the auspices of the UN, the World Anti-crisis Conference (WAC) will take place in Astana on 23-24 May 2013. The idea of the World Anti-Crisis conference was introduced by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, and was supported by members of the “Dialogue of leaders” at the Vth Astana Economic Forum. Political leaders, ministers of finance and economy, heads of central banks of the UN member countries, as well as business representatives and heads of international and financial organizations will discuss possible ways out of the global economic crisis and work on a draft of the UN World Anti-Crisis plan.
WAC events, 23rd May 2013
Panel session 1 – A DECADE OF REGULATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE EUROZONE: POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSION
Questions for discussion: Should countries of Europe pursue the policy of austerity? What is the right balance between fiscal consolidation and growth? What are the political consequences? How faster economic growth may be achieved? Before the crisis of the Eurozone, besides single currency and fiscal constraints, institutional architecture of the European Monetary Union was minimalist: the management of economic and financial policy was firmly based on national competence. At the moment, the question is how to strengthen the architecture of the European Monetary Union? How can the transition to an effective and sustainable monetary union be achieved?
Panel session 2 – ASSESSMENT OF MONETARY POLICY AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY
Questions for discussion: What is the effectiveness and possible risks of ‘non-standard’ monetary policy measures? Is the world in a state of severe “currency wars”? Is currency depreciation a current trend? Is there a reconfiguration of the role of monetary policy in the Western world? How significant is the concept of independence of Central Banks today? What will be the best exit from unconventional monetary measures for the US, UK and Japan? How will the rest of the world cope with external effects? How should central banks of developing countries respond to the developed countries’ strategy? Does the current drop in gold price impact upon the aggregate balance of the central banks of developed countries?
Panel session 3 – GLOBAL CAPITAL MARKETS IN TRANSITION: CHANGES OF THE FINANCIAL LANDSCAPE
Questions for discussion: How will the global economic and financial landscape develop? Is there a trend of increasing disintermediation and an important role of capital markets in the global financial system? Will the global financial system ultimately become more important in the global economy? How to counter the risks of fragmentation and secondary re-nationalization of financial systems? There is a growth in emerging markets and the growing importance of capital markets with the development of local bond markets in local currency and the deepening of the financial sector. Will this trend continue?
WAC events, 24th May 2013
Round table 1– NEW WORLD FINANCIAL ARCHITECTURE
Problems caused by the crisis raised questions about the traditional foundations of global economic governance. How could the global economic governance be strengthened in the future?
Round table 2 – G20: ADAPTING TO NEW REALITIES OF THE WORLD ECONOMY (outreach event of the Russian Presidency of G20).
Under the presidency of Russia in the G20, a critical challenge is what the G20 could offer to help the global economic recovery. In this context, how could the G20 find solutions to change traditional views on investment flows and their impact on the growth of various economic centers of the world?
Round table 3 – RECOVERY OF GROWTH IN A MORE FRAGMENTED WORLD ECONOMY.
The crisis caused the process of the ‘great balance change in the global economy’. Is there progress in the balance change of the key world economies: China, the U.S. and the Eurozone? Is this a cyclical or a structural process? Is the world economy deviating? What will be the end of this process?
Round table 4: ADOPTING RESOLUTIONS OF THE WORLD ANTI-CRISIS CONFERENCE
WAC speakers and participants: Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan; Vuk Jeremic, President of the UN General Assembly; Wu Hongbo, Deputy Secretary General of the UN and the Head of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs; Supachai Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); political leaders (presidents, prime ministers), business representatives, heads of international organizations (World Bank, IMF).
#EPPLocalDialogue: ”From Brain drain to Brain gain” – hosted by Emil Boc, Mayor of Cluj-Napoca. What are the key issues and future solutions for the young generations
Emil Boc, Mayor of Cluj-Napoca and member of the European Committee of the Regions, hosted in Brussels the debate ”From Brain drain to Brain gain”.
This EPP Local Dialogue looked into what the EU can do for its citizens to transform ‘brain drain’ into a ‘brain gain’ – an opportunity for both the receiving communities and the places of origin.
During the debate the audience has exhanged views with Dubravka Šuica, (EPP/HR), Commissioner-designate responsible for Democracy and Demography will also atend the event, Rafał Trzaskowski, Mayor of Warsaw, EPP CoR Member Esther de Lange, (EPP/NL), Member of the European Parliament, Vice-president of the EPP Group, Isabel Benjumea Benjumea, Member of the European Parliament, REGI Vice-Chair
The debate was moderated by Dan Carbunaru Calea Europeana.
Emil Boc, Mayor of Cluj-Napoca – Brain drain is becoming more and more important for the European Union
Brain drain is becoming more and more important for the European Union and if we are not going to discuss to tackle and to find common solutions together, these brain drain can affect, even the future of the European project. There is no magical solutions. We have to work together and everyone has to do their own job first. Working in partnership with European Union, we have the best content in order to tackle the brain drain problem.
In his presentation, Emil Boc referred to Cluj-Napoca, ”the most friendly city in Europe with foreign citizens” that tries to improve the quality of life day by day.
Dubravka Šuica, Commissioner-designate responsible for Democracy and Demography – ”brain drain” is one of the key issues that I intend to focus on in the next five years
”As the commissioner in charge of demography, brain drain is one of the key issues that I intend to focus on in the next five years. Brain drain phenomenon, really can pause the European Union. We have to think about measures which we can put in place to retain attract or regain a highly educated workforce, because local authorities are the ones most affected with the consequences of the brain drain. In order to tackle the ”brain drain”, we need tailor-made solutions to attract, and retain the workforce and reduce disparities across the EU. Cohesion funds play a crucial role in supporting regions to cope with #braindrain and creating social & economic stability for the citizens.”
Esther de Lange, (EPP/NL), Member of the European Parliament, Vice-president of the EPP Group – We need to focus on providing a good quality of life as a reason to return
”We are focusing very much now on the issue of brain drain and brain gain between countries within the EU, but of course there’s an underlying challenge that we have as an EU as a whole. I think it’s so incredibly important that not only we have a vice president thatis dealing with demography, and democracy in the link between the two. We need to focus on providing a good quality of life as a reason to return, concept of smart villages – based on the right infrastructure, telemedicine, 5G – can help keep people in our rural areas.”
Rafał Trzaskowski, Mayor of Warsaw – Brain drain, one of the biggest nightmares that we have to confront
”Brain drain sounds dramatic and sounds like one of the biggest nightmares that we have to confront. When you look at the brain drain and the people who emigrate in the past two years to Britain they are highly qualified and of course, we’ve heard about doctors, nurses, and so on. We all do have these problems, but to be absolutely honest with you, the problem is also internal.”
How to deal brain drain?
”Obviously focusing on the things which are most important for the people, which is, most of all, the infrastructure and the quality of life, because that’s what the people expect right now.”
Isabel Benjumea Benjumea, Member of the European Parliament, REGI Vice-Chair – Competition between countries and regions is natural. More focus on brain gain
“Competition between countries and regions is natural; people moving around Europe can make our Union stronger and more united. I’m afraid I’m going to be the only one that I don’t see this as a dramatic situation. I know that cities have to compete, and I know that regions have to compete. It has always happened in order to go to the cities where you have more opportunities where you can have a better quality of life.
Of course people always look for the best, and it’s good that cities and member states and regions to compete among themselves to see which is more attractive, and I think that’s something good. We need to be an open European Union to keep the best people living in different places. So, I truly believe we’re looking at from the wrong perspective.”
Brain drain – the loss of an educated and skilled workforce – is a challenge affecting local communities and regions, but also member states and the European Union as a whole.
In 2017, approximately 4.2 million EU citizens aged between 15 and 64 with a tertiary education were residing in an EU country other than their country of citizenship. Every citizen is concerned: from the worker in constructions to researchers who are able to move within the EU.
EPP Local Dialogues are a series of events organised across Europe, bringing citizens and EPP leaders together to discuss European policies of local interest and gathering people’s expectations on the ground.
”From Brain drain to Brain gain” – #EPPLocalDialogue in Brussels will be hosted by Emil Boc Mayor of Cluj-Napoca on Thursday, 5 December
Emil Boc, Mayor of Cluj-Napoca and a member of the European Committee of the Regions, will host in Brussels the debate ”From Brain drain to Brain gain”.
Emil Boc, Mayor of Cluj-Napoca (EPP/RO) is also the CoR rapporteur on Brain drain in the EU: addressing the challenge at all levels
Esther de Lange, (EPP/NL), Member of the European Parliament, Vice-president of the EPP Group and Dubravka Šuica, (EPP/HR), Commissioner-designate responsible for Democracy and Demography will also atend the event.
Open debate with the audience will be moderated by Dan Carbunaru Calea Europeana.
Brain drain – the loss of an educated and skilled workforce – is a challenge affecting local communities and regions, but also member states and the European Union as a whole. In 2017, approximately 4.2 million EU citizens aged between 15 and 64 with a tertiary education were residing in an EU country other than their country of citizenship. Every citizen is concerned: from the worker in constructions to researchers who are able to move within the EU. However, they should do this because they want it, and not because they are pushed by poverty, limited working opportunities or a lack of possibilities to express their talents.
This EPP Local Dialogue will look into what the EU can do for its citizens to transform ‘brain drain’ into a ‘brain gain’ – an opportunity for both the receiving communities and the places of origin.
Participants will have the chance to share their real-life stories on brain drain in an open dialogue with their regional and local elected politicians, as well as with representatives from the European Parliament and the European Commission. The aim is to share experiences on how local and regional authorities can tackle brain drain in their areas, while identifying needs and resources to cope with the phenomenon also at national and EU levels. The event will be web streamed and followed by a networking session.
Interpretation will be provided in English and French.
Ursula von der Leyen for Calea Europeană: Europe will never be a purely military alliance. The European Defence Union will always be complementary to NATO
Conducted by Dan Cărbunaru, edited by Robert Lupițu
NATO is the strongest military Alliance in the world, while Europe will never be a purely military alliance, says Ursula von der Leyen the new President of the European Commission. After her College of Commissioners confirmation vote in the European Parliament, von der Leyen discussed with CaleaEuropeană.ro and other major EU media outlets on the challenges and priorities of the Commission for the next five years.
”NATO will always be collective defence, the article 5. Always. Is it the strongest military Alliance in the world and Europe will never be a purely military alliance. That is clear”, said von der Leyen, former German minister of Defence, in a response to a question of CaleaEuropeană.ro‘s director, Dan Cărbunaru, on the Commission’s approach on defence and the relation with NATO considering Macron’s latest statements about the “brain death” of the Atlantic alliance.
On the other hand, von der Leyen suggested that while being complementary to NATO, the European Union has to gain autonomy because of its “unique sets of instruments”.
“There are fields where I do not see NATO, but the European Union with its unique sets of instruments – from development cooperation to neighbourhood funds, strong diplomacy and stabilization forces – is needed or called upon. And for that, in crisis or prevention, the European Union has to have functioning structured and procedures. If I look at the defence sector over the last three years, Europa has stepped up impressively by building up the European Defence Union. In order that if the political will is there to act we are able to act. In parenthesis, five years ago in Mali, Europe wanted to do something and was not able. And we have to have the structures and procedures to do so and this is about the European Defence Union” she explained.
Finally, she argued strongly that “the European Defence Union will always be complementary to NATO“.
“Twenty-two member states are also in the alliance of NATO. Or it is smart to be complementary and not redundant, she concluded.
Her remarks, followed by her vision on the relations with US and China, come before the NATO gathering in London, next week, where Donald Trump, Emmanuel Macron, Angela Merkel and the other Euro-atlantic leaders will discuss the future of the Alliance.
As for the relations with US and China, Ursula von der Leyen had a tailored and values based approached.
“For our American friends, I will never forget that we are always sitting on the same side of the table when it comes to transatlantic bonds and shared values. Because our transatlantic friendship it is built of resilience, of personal friendship, cultural exchange, students exchange, business contacts, projects we have together. It is a solid foundation that carried us for many decades and I will cherish it. Of course, we do have tough issues. We are debating with the White House, but knowing how close our ties are, I think it is a good thing to be frank with each other, to negotiate hard, but to never forget we have a common cause”, she said.
“China is challenging us in many ways. I think there are topics where we should be very clear on. From human rights to human security, but there are also topics where we can build a positive agenda. One of them is fight against climate change. China now moving on the direction of working close with those who are fulfilling the Paris Agreement. (…) On 5G, the Commission has gathered all the main points from the member states and we will come up with a recommendation on how to deal with that topic till the end of the year. I think we will be clear on standards. That should be a common approach in the whole European Union”, she concluded.
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