Connect with us

ENGLISH

MEP Ramona Mănescu (EPP): Diplomatic weapons are more powerful and more efficient than the nuclear ones. The EU must take the lead in such efforts

Published

on

”Nuclear weapons do not bring equilibrium and stability but the exact opposite” MEP Ramona Mănescu (EPP) stated in an intervention during the parliamentary debate on the Resolution regarding the “Nuclear security and non-proliferation”.

”I strongly believe that the diplomatic weapons are more powerful and more efficient than the nuclear ones. Their outcomes can lead to a whole nation, or even region, to flourish and not to ruin.

I do consider that the European Union and the Member States are the ones who must take the lead in such diplomatic efforts. The expectations on this matters of the 500 million citizens that we represent are great.”, Ramona Mănescu added.

Transcript of the intervention:

ramona-manescu-agerpres-26”Nuclear weapons continue to be a threat. They are used as instruments of intimidation and blackmail.

Today’s news from Moscow about the nuclear intercontinental ballistic missile SATAN 2 confirms this reality and the fact that old habits don’t die. It is not a coincidence that the destruction power of such a weapon is described like:

It can destroy a surface as big as Texas or France

Then we add the following matters mentioned in the resolution that we have discussed today:

  • The atrocious breach, again by Russia, of its own engagements by attacking the neighboring Ukraine, despite a previously signed agreement that says exactly the opposite: “security guarantor”;
  • The change of doctrine of the Russian military, with the explicit mention of the possibility to use nuclear weapons against countries that do not have such capabilities;
  • The ongoing process of nuclear weapons repositioning over the Russian territory, including the placement of some in the occupied territory of Crimea;

All of these just led us to have major credibility problems in relation with countries like Russia, which are expected to be one of the pillars of the international efforts for Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. We don’t have the reassurance that we are heading towards a more peaceful word anymore.

The distance we all still have to go through, to the moment when all these instruments of war will become history, proved recently to be a rather long one. At the 2015 UN Conference on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the international community failed to reach an agreement.

epp group logoIn a world where terrorism became a global threat and where we can see states, apparently solid, falling into chaos in just months, the presence of nuclear weapons and the risk of them ending to forces willing to use it is unacceptable.

For this reason, I consider mentioning that in this Resolution the need end urgency in reaching an agreement on establishing a nuclear-weapons-free-zone in the Middle East is a must.

Nuclear weapons do not bring equilibrium and stability but the exact opposite.

I strongly believe that the diplomatic weapons are more powerful and more efficient than the nuclear ones. Their outcomes can lead to a whole nation, or even region, to flourish and not to ruin.

I do consider that the European Union and the Member States are the ones who must take the lead in such diplomatic efforts. The expectations on this matters of the 500 million citizens that we represent are great.

On the same line, the EU role in coordinating and monitoring the correct and complete implementation of the Iran Nuclear Agreement is of major importance. Iran’s antecedents, like Russia’s, don’t help us to rely just on good faith.”

 

.

ENGLISH

Christoph Heusgen, chairman of the Munich Security Conference: We tried to build a partnership with Russia, but Putin destroyed the common base. Romania is correct and NATO should focus more on the Black Sea region

Published

on

© MSC / Kuhlmann

Interview conducted by Robert Lupițu

Russia’s invasion in Ukraine is a turning point in history, including for Germany, who was tried to build a constructive partnership with Moscow over the last decades, argues Christoph Heusgen, chairman of the Munich Security Conference, in an exclusive interview for CaleaEuropeană.ro on the sidelines of the Munich Leaders Meeting, organised for the first time on the southeastern flank of NATO, in Bucharest, just before the NATO Foreign Ministerial Meeting. The Chairman of the Munich Security Conference also emphasised that Romania is correct and NATO should focus more on the Black Sea region.

“I hoped that Putin would be impressed by the international solidarity with Ukraine and would have second thoughts about aggressing Ukraine”, he said, recollecting the strong EU and transatlantic unity at the Munich Security Conference, few days before Russia’s full scale invasion.

Former German Ambassador to the UN and ex-diplomatic advisor to Angela Merkel, Heusgen explained Germany’s longstanding approach to Russia and the stakes of the “Zeitenwende” (turning point) approach on foreign and security policy.

“Germany in World War II was responsible for the death of 20 million people who lived on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Also, without Russia giving its consent Germany would not have been reunited. So German policy towards Russia for a long time was influenced by a feeling of guilt and of gratitude. (…) We tried to build a partnership with Russia, but all of these efforts terribly failed. Putin destroyed the common base we had tried to build”, he said.

“Now, we have to be very tough in response to Russia’s war”, Heusgen added.

The Chairman of the Munich Security said that Russian President cannot be welcomed again in the community of respected politicians and emphasised that Putin is wrong when he is counting on Ukraine’s war fatigue or the fatigue of Western help.

“I believe that Germany and the transatlantic community will have to even strengthen their support to Ukraine. There is demand for political leadership which makes clear what is at stake: If Putin wins this war he will not stop in Ukraine”, he said, mentioning that the only possibility for peace talks is for Russia to return Ukraine’s territories.

Full interview below:

CaleaEuropeană.ro: Russia’s invasion was preceded a few days before by the Munich Security Conference. Did you felt at that moment, when President Zelenskyy took the stage, when Chancellor Scholz, Foreign Minister Baerbock, Vice President Harris or Prime Minister Johnson did the same, that Russia’s full scale military aggression is imminent, and diplomacy will be shadowed by war on the European continent? 

Christoph Heusgen: I had predicted already at the end of 2021 that Putin may wage war and invade Ukraine. The Intelligence Community was certain that Putin would actually do it. But when I witnessed the strong EU and transatlantic unity at the Munich Security Conference on 18 to 20 February 2022, and the readiness to give a common and tough response to a possible Russian attack, I hoped that Putin would be impressed by the international solidarity with Ukraine and would have second thoughts about aggressing Ukraine. But he didn’t and went ahead with his flagrant breach of International Law, his breach of civilization. 

CaleaEuropeană.ro: You mentioned the transatlantic unity and for many pundits Germany’s stance, including in the context of a brand-new coalition, was remarkable. The Zeitenwende speech, halting North Stream 2, economic and energy sanctions against Russia and stepping forward as a future military power in Europe. Is there a new German foreign and security policy in the making? What does it mean for Europe and for NATO? 

Christoph Heusgen: Chancellor Scholz in his speech to the German parliament three days after the invasion, pronounced a ‘Zeitenwende’. We are indeed witnessing  a turning point in history. For decades, Germany had tried to maintain a constructive partnership with Russia. To understand German policy towards Russia, one must go back in history. One has to remember that Germany in World War II was responsible for the death of 20 million people who lived on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Also, without Russia giving its consent Germany would not have been reunited. So German policy towards Russia for a long time was influenced by a feeling of guilt and of gratitude. Many in Germany hoped that we could conduct a policy where, on the one hand, we would be a good partner of NATO, but on the other hand maintain a decent relationship with Russia. The latter included a lot of trade, but also a broader dialogue between our societies through the so-called Petersburg dialogue, where an exchanges took place between the political and business class, non-governmental organizations and youth. We tried to build a partnership with Russia, but all of these efforts terribly failed. Putin destroyed the common base we had tried to build. Putin violated every international covenant and every bilateral agreement with Ukraine when he started his full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Putin has destroyed all bridges behind him. Now, we have to be very tough in response to Russia’s war. Some people in Germany have problems to adapt to the new reality to the ‚Zeitenwende‘.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: So, as I understand correctly, this will be a long-time stance of Germany and also of Europe when it comes to Russia?

Christoph Heusgen: As I said, Putin committed a breach of civilization. He severely violated international law. And we must respond to it in a very clear way, defending the rules based international order, also defending Ukraine. And we have to make Putin and his gang accountable for the crimes they committed,  war crimes, crimes against humanity and the crime of aggression. There is no way back for Putin into the community of respected, civilized politicians

CaleaEuropeană.ro: And we saw that Russia’s aggressive war in Ukraine has brought major strategic changes in Europe – Sweden and Finland are almost NATO members, Ukraine and Moldova have received candidate status for the EU, France is more involved in NATO, especially in Romania, Germany’s Zeitenwende approach. But the war costs lives, threatens critical infrastructure, food security, energy prices soaring and so on. Do you envisage a war fatigue in matters of Western support for Ukraine or this “as long as it takes” approach will continue?

Christoph Heusgen: This is what Putin counts on. Putin counts on Ukraine fatigue, Putin counts on Europe and the US becoming weak, no longer ready to pay for defending Ukraine. Putin believes that at some stage we will either pressure Ukraine into a ceasefire and some kind of peace agreement to the liking of Russia. But Putin is wrong. This is what the Ukrainian representatives here at our Munich Leaders Meeting in Bucharest made very clear. The Ukrainians are determined to defend their country no matter what Putin does. He has already flattened Mariupol as he has flattened Grozny and Aleppo. But he cannot destroy the Ukrainian determination to defend their country. And I remain optimistic that Germany, the European Union, NATO and our transatlantic partners will remain at the side of the Ukrainian people despite higher food and energy prices, despite a possible recession. 

I believe that Germany and the transatlantic community will have to even strengthen their support to Ukraine. There is demand for political leadership which makes clear what is at stake: If Putin wins this war he will not stop in Ukraine. He has set his eyes on other countries which at some stage in history were parts of Russia, including Moldova or the Baltic countries. This means that when we are helping to defend Ukraine we are defending our own freedom.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: I understand from your very elaborated answer that given Ukraine’s stance to defend its country and given Russia’s destructive war in Ukraine we are far in reaching the conditions for political and peace talks?

Christoph Heusgen: Currently, I don’t see it. First, we have to respect what the Ukrainian people and government intend to do. I fully understand that the Ukrainians are not ready to give up their territory, to give in to a dictator who commits war crimes and crimes against humanity. I only see a possibility right now for negotiations if Russia is ready to give back the territory that according to international law belongs to Ukraine. Also, what is very important is that Russia pays reparation and that there is  accountability. At this stage, I don’t see that Russia is ready for it and therefore I’m also afraid that this conflict will continue.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: Since the war began there has been a particular focus on the Black Sea security, a matter that Romania has advocated for since Crimea’s annexation. Foreign Minister Aurescu called for a to do transatlantic list for the importance of the Black Sea region. How can NATO focus better on this part of the Eastern flank, in the Black Sea, and what role Romania plays or should play in the region?

Christoph Heusgen: Aurescu is correct. Russia’s naval blockade has demonstrated how critical the Black Sea is. NATO has to focus more on the region. But NATO is turning already into this direction.  There will be more NATO troops stationed here. The fact that the NATO Foreign Ministers meeting took place in Bucharest is a demonstration that NATO is serious, but also a recognition of the role that Romania plays as a key partner in the Alliance. And I am certain that NATO is there to stay and will remain engaged. 

Continue Reading

ENGLISH

MEP Vasile Blaga, after the lifting of the CVM for Romania: We are just one step away from Schengen accession

Published

on

© European Union 2022 - Source : EP

MEP Vasile Blaga welcomes the lifting of the CVM for Romania by the European Commission and underlines that our country is just one step away from Schengen admission.

“We are at an extremely important moment – we are only one step away from Schengen admission. We should no longer hear, either now or after accession, how bad we are, how imperfect, how lacking in merit”, the MEP said in a statement to CaleaEuropeană.ro.

„It is our right to be in Schengen, just as it was our right to be monitored in exactly the same way as the other Member States – and not through a special mechanism like the CVM. I have said it many times in recent years. And I want to underline once again – at important moments for Romania, politicians must speak with one voice. In unison. In the same way that politicians in Brussels of other countries manage to unite behind their national objectives. It is good to learn from the lessons of the mature democracies we want to live alongside”, he added.

The Liberal MEP also condemned the attitude of some Romanian politicians in Brussels regarding Romania’s merits: “If 2022 was the year of Romania’s integration into the European Union, some Romanian politicians in Brussels would nonchalantly say that we are not ready for integration, that there would be one more thing to do, that the EU should pay close attention to us. This is where we are. I cannot understand the reaction of some politicians who are in Brussels primarily for Romania.”

“The CVM will be suspended after consultations with the European Parliament and the Council. As I said above, we find in Brussels the grey voices that, in subtext, are disappointed: it is good that the CVM is suspended, but, thank God, we will continue to be monitored by the generalised rule of law mechanism”, concluded the PNL MEP.

Continue Reading

ENGLISH

MEP Vasile Blaga: EU will not recognise Russian documents issued in areas illegally occupied by Russia in Ukraine and Georgia

Published

on

The European Parliament agreed by a large majority at its last plenary session in Strasbourg not to recognise travel documents issued by the Russian Federation in the illegally occupied territories of Ukraine and Georgia, said MEP Vasile Blaga on Monday.

MEPs agreed by 540 votes to 6 with 36 abstentions on a mandate for negotiations with the Council on a legislative proposal on the non-recognition of travel documents issued by Russia in the occupied Ukrainian regions and the so-called breakaway territories of Georgia for visa purposes or when crossing the EU’s external borders.

At the same time, MEPs amended the Council’s proposal and underlined the right of citizens from conflict zones to flee the war and their right to enter the European Union for humanitarian reasons.

“The illegal annexations in Ukraine and Georgia require clear EU decisions on the non-recognition of documents issued by Russia in those territories to be used for travel within the European Union,” said Vasile Blaga, EPP & NLP MEP, member of the LIBE Committee, which handled this dossier in the European Parliament.

“The Russian Federation must understand that the European Parliament and the European Union will not compromise on these unacceptable aggressions. At the same time, the European Union must allow access to refugees from conflict zones, honest citizens fleeing war. The European Union must also take humanitarian cases into account and provide adequate support to refugees”, said the EPP MEP.

Continue Reading

Facebook

REPUBLICA MOLDOVA37 mins ago

104 ani de la Marea Unire. Maia Sandu: România este iubită în Republica Moldova pentru umărul pe care ne putem baza când ne este greu

NATO1 hour ago

Olaf Scholz și premierul Norvegiei lansează în cadrul NATO o inițiativă pentru o mai bună protejare a infrastructurilor maritime, ”artere ale economiei moderne”

ROMÂNIA1 hour ago

Nicolae Ciucă, mesaj de 1 decembrie: Este sărbătoarea unității poporului și a statului român, moștenire de preț a întregii națiuni române

SUA2 hours ago

La începutul vizitei de stat în SUA, Macron îi cere lui Biden să fie “respectat ca un bun prieten”: Măsurile economice “super agresive” vă vor rezolva problema, dar o vor înrăutăți pe cea a Europei

EUROPARLAMENTARI ROMÂNI2 hours ago

Marian-Jean Marinescu califică Rusia drept stat care sponsorizează terorismul: Regimul lui Putin a finanțat conflicte, a îndurerat familii și a rupt țări

SUA2 hours ago

Emmanuel Macron vizitează NASA împreună cu Kamala Harris la începutul vizitei sale de stat în SUA

ROMÂNIA3 hours ago

Șeful diplomației SUA, de Ziua Națională a României: Vizita mea la București ilustrează puterea cooperării noastre strânse. Relația noastră este puternică

NATO15 hours ago

Bogdan Aurescu: Reuniunea miniștrilor de externe NATO de la București înseamnă foarte mult pentru prestigiul României și pentru securitatea României

ROMÂNIA19 hours ago

Bogdan Aurescu: Profilul României în NATO și contribuțiile la contracararea efectelor războiului Rusiei în Ucraina au avut un rol important în discuțiile privind aderarea la Schengen

NATO19 hours ago

Ministrul turc de externe salută ”pașii pozitivi” făcuți de Suedia și Finlanda, dar anunță că Turcia așteaptă ”măsuri concrete” pentru a le elibera drumul către NATO

NATO15 hours ago

Bogdan Aurescu: Reuniunea miniștrilor de externe NATO de la București înseamnă foarte mult pentru prestigiul României și pentru securitatea României

NATO19 hours ago

Ministrul turc de externe salută ”pașii pozitivi” făcuți de Suedia și Finlanda, dar anunță că Turcia așteaptă ”măsuri concrete” pentru a le elibera drumul către NATO

NATO20 hours ago

NATO a decis, la București, să intensifice sprijinul pentru R. Moldova, Georgia și Bosnia, “trei parteneri valoroși care se confruntă cu presiunea rusă”

NATO20 hours ago

Avertismentul NATO după ministeriala de la București: Aliații trebuie să evalueze dependențele euro-atlantice de China și să reducă vulnerabilitățile

NATO21 hours ago

Stoltenberg condiționează o eventuală aderare a Ucrainei la NATO de „triumful său ca stat suveran și independent” și de un parteneriat politico-militar mai strâns

EUROPARLAMENTARI ROMÂNI22 hours ago

Marian-Jean Marinescu subliniază nevoia ”cooperării puternice între statele membre și autoritățile locale” din regiunile carbonifere pentru succesul tranziției spre economie verde, avându-i pe oameni în centru

INTERNAȚIONAL2 days ago

Șeful diplomației SUA, în România, la 25 de ani de Parteneriat Strategic: În 1989, democrația a prins rădăcini. Să fim întăriți de amintirea curajului poporului român în cel mai întunecat moment al său

NATO2 days ago

Klaus Iohannis, către miniștrii de externe NATO reuniți la București: Trebuie să implementăm cât mai curând deciziile privind postura de apărare pe flancul estic și la Marea Neagră

NATO2 days ago

Blinken și Aurescu au discutat despre contribuția României la viitoarea strategie a SUA pentru Marea Neagră: Nu ne lăsăm descurajați, vom consolida prezenţa NATO în Marea Neagră

NATO2 days ago

Mircea Geoană, la Aspen – GMF Bucharest Forum: Noua realitate a descurajării și apărării în Europa presupune claritate asupra nevoilor NATO. Bucureștiul, unul dintre locurile în care ne vom reenergiza comunitatea

Team2Share

Trending