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COMISIA EUROPEANA

Social media and the European elections. Will it change the game?

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Andra AVRAM

 

As the campaign for the European Parliament elections started today, caleaeuropeana.ro analysed the online instruments that the three main candidates to be the next head of the European Commission, Jean Claude Juncker, Martin Schulz, Guy Verhofstadt,  use to promote themselves.

We present how the EPP, ALDE and S&D candidates communicate through their web pages and the use of social media in communication.

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JEAN-CLAUDE JUNCKER: THE SOBER BANKER OF THE POPULARS

 

Jean-Claude Juncker, the EPP group option for the Presidency of the European Commission, beneficiates of directly linked personal page with the one of the EPP group, being otherwise the sole one, out of all the three main candidates, whose connection with this last one is so visible. The colors, the structure, the organization and the display of the information, everything leads towards the similitude of the two pages. Predominant, when it comes to the coloristic aspect, are the white and the blue, to which there come photos and statements taken from the electoral campaign. The display of the info is, otherwise, refreshing and casual, without creating in any instant the feeling that there are minuses of it, from the details or the content point of view.

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The sections shown upon the first page are mainly dedicated to the campaign, starting with the banner showing Juncker in a smiling posture, saying `Hi!` to the people, next to the message ”Experience. Solidarity. Future. Juncker for President”. His moments of campaign from Finland, the Netherlands or Germany are present as well, next to the huge photo of the Juncker bus, section in which there are mentioned the next campaign places, during the current week. The end of the page comes with Juncker’s message, in which he invites his supporters, in an original manner, to keep a permanent dialog via the social media, at the same time in which they produce major changes as well, important in the economy of the European life. This can be, otherwise, considered an ante to the political program exposed by Juncker, along the other sections present on the page, all having the posibility of translation, the short bio written on the page, as well as the one of his political priorities and the EPP manifesto, in one of the 22 international languages offered as a translate option. The focus is not basely put on the details of the political program, but they are named and announced, coming up with the feedback option, for the ones that follow him. This represents, as a matter of fact, an extra-proof of the fact that the contact is permanently maintained with the potential electorat, as well as his care for a dialogue as open as possible between the two sides.

The page itself is very much focused on interactivity and on elements meant to facilitate its lecturing. There are videoclips posted from the debates that Juncker has attented, mainly from the presidential ones, the way they are titled, in the „Debates” section. The press releases, shown in the „Press” section, have permanent updates, being written over subjects and positions taken by Juncker during different debates or different conferences. The whole site, in fact, seems to focus on the going of the electoral campaign, the page being used more as a way of keeping the public informed upon the places where Juncker will be, according to the scheduled dates and countries.

A particular characteristic of this page is its strong, major connexion with the EPP group and everything that is related to it. Away from the massive support offered to its candidate, there are also activites corelated in this way, so that the nonconventional elements of Juncker’s campaign come to life through the EPP group. Such an example is given by the „YouthRoadtrip” event, organized by the Youth organization of the EPP group, during which a caravain goes through 40 cities of Europe in order to ask the young EU citizens what their expectations are from the next president of the European Commission. The concept is so thought so that it manages to reach the young side of the Union as well, through a direct involvement of these in Juncker’s campaign activities.

Beyond all these, the emphasize is mainly brought upon the social media and on the constancy of Juncker’s message through it. There are sections dedicated to the tweets, next to links towards his Facebok page and towards the main links of the EPP group – EPP, EPP Group, the Believe in People’s EPP campaign and Youth EPP. Having a look at the likes of Juncker’s Facebook page, of over 10,000, next to the number of followers he has on Twitter, of over 30,000, the online communication is a strong element of Juncker’s campaign, giving him the possibility, the way he himself says, of a constant, productive dialogue between him and his supporters.

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Regarding everything the page has to offer, as a whole, it rightly becomes the main media used in order to keep the public informed with the activities and the events of Juncker’s campaign. The data of his presence in different cities or states are extremely visibile, and so are the contacts of his campaign team, starting with the main director till his press or e-campaign coordinators. The webpage’s minuses are yet notable on the content side, in the way that the political program of Juncker itself is not much developed or presented on his own page. The feedback option exists, and so are the images taken from different voyages of his, all coming with a fresh, friendly air, creating thus the sensation of comfort and relaxation while visiting the page. His ideas are more frequently visible in the press releases, without being exposed though in the sections dedicated to them on Juncker’s page as well, so that their visualisation can become problematic. Beyond the constituence of the webpage as merely an informing element for the wide public, to which there come to be added some Juncker’s activity info, the website does not know too much of its own personalization – but it can be instead seen as a separate section, dedicated particularly to the EPP candidate to the European Commission, incorporated in the epp.eu page, even the debut banner of this last page being the link towards Juncker’s page. As a conclusion, Juncker’s website itself is just an annex to the group’s mother-page, without knowing a proper personalization or without presenting a detailed program of the potential president Juncker. It thus gets confirmed, once again, the strong liaison between the two factions, the one of the candidate, on one hand, and the one of the group, on the other hand, creating thus, at this level, a unique dependency.

 

MARTIN SCHULZ: FRIENDSHIP AND PROFESSIONALISM IN A SOLE CANDIDATE

 

The S&D candidate to the Presidency of the European Commission, Martin Schulz, beneficiates of a unique webpage, so much as the design, as well as the content. With the image of a Euro-candidate extremely friendly and smiley, his page opens up with a short video of Schulz’s presentation, in which he talks, of a casual, relaxed manner, about the main objective of the following period, which is the winning of the European Commission leadership. Over this content debut, his webpage opens in an original way, next to Martin Schulz’s message towards the European citizens, in which he invites to the support of him during the European elections of May 25th, written in all the seven international languages that his page knows, as translation options of the content, among them Romanian as well, next to English, German, Spanish, French, Italian and Polish.

The webpage, otherwise, seems particularly created for the promotion of the candidate Schulz during the electoral campaign period, given that the site is entirely covered by themes dedicated to this. The main sections, in number of five, are suggestively named “My vision”, “Motivation”, “Goals”, “Campaign” and “Support”, through this managing to cover the whole main points of the program. Their view is made in a cascade way, one following the other, each having its own dynamic and knowing its own personalization. When it comes to the coloristic aspect, the main colors used are dark red, orange, yellow and blue – to be remarked being the fact that the opening and closing sections (“My vision” and “Support”) are displayed on a dark red background, color that reminds, unlike all the others, of the S&D symbol, as the unique element whose connection can be made with the group, given that there is no other thing to remind one of the webpage of the group on Schulz’s personal site.

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Even when it comes to the explanations offered to every main section in fact, these know a personalization of the text, as well as one of the message that Schulz wants to forward, with each section in part.  The whole page itself knows the structure of an entire campaign, next to the clear arguments offered by the S&D candidate to every sub-point, as an explanation to his view: “passion”, “conviction”, “team spirit”, “determination” and “openness”, all coming with high-quality photos, meant to visually illustrate, as well, his thoughts and options.

The “Motivation” section is the second category of his website, created under the aspect of a mini-interview, in which Schulz answers to 4 questions: “What does Europe mean to you?”, “What drives you?”, “What do you want to achieve?” and “What makes these European elections special?”. The whole clip lasts 2:17, and thus being long enough to answer briefly to the main themes discussed and to reiterate, once again, Schulz’s vision upon the European Union, yet, at the same time, short enough in order not to bore and to maintain the viewer captivated in the dialogue between the interviewer and the interviewee.  Even the way this one is edited is special, so that the clip manages to create an interactive interface: different frames are taken, all focusing on different angles of Schulz, from the front side, from the profile, portrait etc. The ambient is as well an important factor for the forwarding of the message, one of collaboration, of friendship and of openness of the S&D candidate, through the descent of this one from the imposing offices of the European Parliament on a sofa, from which the candidate tries to explain as clearly and as concretely as possible his intentions and plans as potential president of the European Commission.

The same Schulz objectives are yet even more clearly pointed out and sentenced in the “Goals” section, there where 10 extremely important points of his program are marked, under the name of “How I want to change Europe”. From the perspective of the candidate’s program, these are reiterated under an explicit form, focusing mainly on the great problems that Europe and the European Union are confronted with, for the time being. The economical and financial domain, the human rights one, the social one, but also the foreign affairs one are exposed in Schulz’s brief plan, written in the manner of the short, yet convincing objectives he has, for the next 5 years.

Alas, the final of the sections, following their cascade view of these, is represented by photos, in high-quality format as well, taken from Schulz’s voyages through different EU member-states, from meetings or conferences, meetings with his supporters or with different political personalities. From the way they are made and selected, the image these ones help to create is the one of a candidate extremely friendly and close to those next to him, always liked and surrounded by people. The last section is, finally, the one dedicated to social media, named here “Support”. Schulz invites his supporters to access his campaign e-pages on Facebook, Twitter or Instagram, these constituting viable strong points as well, given that the updates there are daily, and the contact is thus permanently realized between the two sides. Having a look at the number of views his pages have on Facebook and Twitter, with a number of over 72,000 likes on Facebook, respectively of almost 100,000 followers on Twitter, one can easily conclude that Schulz is a political leader extremely liked and followed in the online media.

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The pluses of this page are therefore visible even from its first view, starting with the grand level of originality it knows, from many points of view, from the way it is thought and structured, and ending with the way the political program of the S&D group candidate is illustrated. Without being tiring or uselessly decorated with details and information, the site is so created so that it manages to offer, at the same time, a view as clear and as coherent as possible upon the political program, and so, of what the S&D group offers, through this candidate, to the European Union, as well as a reproduction of the personality and the leader type that Schulz represents. The openness of this page is so pretty large, in the way that it is accessible to the lecture of a public well-informed, well-knowing of the EU problem, but also of one less interested in this domain, coming to visit such a page out of mere curiosity. Schulz so manages to attract towards him a large number of potential supporters, especially through the image he has managed to create, the one of a sympathetic political leader, liked by people, without having any mark of extravagancy or ridiculous in this, to which there comes as an add his knowledge and his firm view upon what is meant to be done, for the rebirth and the prosperity of Europe. Minuses of this page are hard to be found, and not because they would completely lack, but because the page itself manages to create a context, a proper ambient of itself, so that the whole story going on along the page makes sense, without the need of any further details. The Schulz candidate succeeds thus in creating a fine climate for his own campaign, and his personal site proves to be an extremely important point in his fight with his competitors, for the seat of the European Commission Presidency.

 

GUY VERHOFSTADT: THE ATYPICAL LEADER OF THE ALDE GROUP

Guy Verhofstadt, the ALDE candidate to the Presidency of the European Commission, remarks himself through the last appearance in the online media, out of the three main candidates, when it comes to the existence of his personal website. With a launching of his personal web page before less than three weeks away from the moment of the official start of the electoral campaign, the leader of the ALDE group makes himself distinguished instead through the strong propagandistic effect impregnated upon his page, focusing directly on the main objective of the following period, which is the Presidential seat of the European Commission.

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Making its debut in white and blue, the signing colors of the ALDE group, the web page guyverhofstadt.eu opens up with sections directly tied to the campaign: “Why”, “About Guy”, “What I stand for” and “My plan for Europe”. As a matter of fact, the page resembles, when it comes to its structure and style, the ALDE group page, without being directly related to the last one. There are no links or sections to lead towards this one, while the ALDE group does not particularly promote either the Verhofstadt page, on its content. The liaison between Verhofstadt and the ALDE group, concerning strictly the online promotion of the both, comes to an end once with the colors and the structuring style of the page.

Having a look upon the content, though, again the hypothesis gets confirmed, when it comes to the fact that the page has been particularly created for the nearing electoral campaign starting on the April 25th: the content is directly related to the last one, starting from Guy Verhofstadt’s background as the Prime-Minister of Belgium and his accomplishments (the “Why?” and “About Guy” sections), in order for his intentions concerning Europe to be presented in the “What I stand for” and “My plan for Europe” categories. Important to be mentioned is the fact that the last one of them, “My plan for Europe”, will have its content updated on the April 25th, as the webpage states itself, so that the details of his program will be available only then.

When it comes to the innovations that Guy Verhofstadt brings once with this page, in the online media campaigns, the section “Self EU” gets remarked, due to the photo contest standing behind it, dedicated to the visitors of the webpage, through which these are invited to immortalize a daily aspect of their EU life. The great prize, according to the contest rules, will be a day spent in the company of Guy Verhofstadt. Added to that, his visible desire of being as close as possible to his electorate and thus to create a special bound between the leader of the ALDE group and his webpage’s visitors gets distinguished even from the way the page is structured: beyond the sections strictly dedicated to the EU work, his particular care for this feeling of closeness and friendship between the two sides is visible through the style of the photos posted upon his page. These present the ALDE candidate in diverse postures, in different moments of the day, whether dedicated to his work, during the meetings or the conferences, whether during moments of rest, next to his close ones and his collaborates, in moments dedicated to relaxation.

A particular characteristic of the page, which leads once again towards the idea of the campaign and a more and more electoral closeness, represents the message delivered by Guy Verhofstadt towards 25 of the EU member-states whose political affiliation, in the family of the grand European political groups, is for the time being the one of ALDE. The message is written in the national languages of the states, directly related to the political parties affiliated to ALDE, so that the personalization of the written aspect is done at one of the highest levels.

Beyond the standard sections presented upon the page of the ALDE candidate, there are also the sections dedicated to the social media, to which there are added all types of videoclips taken from the session meetings of the European Parliament or from conferences to which Verhofstadt participated. His particular care for the access to a number as high as possible of possible supporters gets thus felt through the presence of the social media dedicated sections for Twitter and Facebook, next to the last posts coming from these pages. According to the Twitter account of Guy Verhofstadt, there are almost 900 tweets, next to more than 20.000 followers, so that on Facebook, there is a number bigger than 16.000 likes per page.

The recently launched webpage of the ALDE candidate to the Presidency of the European Commission has its bonus, thus, in the new, refreshing air it has, in a medium often used in a more sober perspective. Beyond the evident pluses of this page, all of them brought to Verhofstadt’s image, including the one of a relaxed, friendly candidate, open towards the ones around him, there are also minuses easily detectible, and the first one of them is the one strictly related to the content, better said to the ideas, per se, of the potential President of the European Commission. Some days before the campaign, Verhofstadt does not make visible, on his own page, the program he comes up with for the EC Presidency, so that the information related to this are way too limited and restrictive, when it comes to details. The main themes are the same ones, attacked from three different political groups perspective, and yet the solutions to these EU problems are different or, at least, can be different, depending on the case. It is exactly this what lacks on Verhofstadt’s page, in its current version – and this thing can easily become an disadvantage. Beyond his image as a candidate to the EC Presidency, somehow more extravagant, apart, atypical, the origins of his candidature resides in the plans and the ideas he has for the development and the reconfiguration of the EU, still affected by the economic crisis of the last 5 years. And yet, this is exactly the plan where Verhofstadt is somehow weak, and there where the ALDE candidate can lose, in front of his main competitors, Juncker and Schulz. His image as the rebel leader of a European political group, even one of ALDE’s fame, can prove itself sometimes insufficient in front of an electorate composed mainly of European citizens awaiting for solutions meant to prove themselves viable and permanent for the European reconstruction.

 

 

 

 

 

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COMISIA EUROPEANA

Jean-Claude Juncker se retrage, Ursula von der Leyen mai așteaptă: Președintele Comisiei Europene prezintă în plenul Parlamentului European bilanțul celor cinci ani de mandat

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Parlamentul European se reunește, de luni până joi, la Strasbourg într-o sesiune plenară în care eurodeputații ar fi trebuit să supună votului viitoarea Comisie Europeană condusă de Ursula von der Leyen, votul de validare fiind amânat pentru luna noiembrie din cauza respingerii de către comisiile co-legislativului european a candidaților propuși de Franța, România și Ungaria. În schimb, sesiunea plenară de la Strasbourg le va oferi prilejul președinților în funcție ai Comisiei Europene și Consiliului European, Jean-Claude Juncker și Donald Tusk de a se adresa, pentru ultima dată, hemiciclului democrației europene.

Sesiunea plenară care debutează luni seară continuă marți cu dezbaterea, alături de Donald Tusk și Jean-Claude Juncker, a concluziilor Consiliului European din 17-18 octombrie, unde liderii UE au aprobat recentul acord privind Brexit, au condamnat intervenția militară a Turciei în nord-estul Siriei și au dezbătut cu Ursula von der Leyen prioritățile pentru următorii cinci ani, însă au amânat decizii importante precum începerea negocierilor de aderare cu Macedonia de Nord și cu Albania sau cruciale precum tratativele privind viitorul Cadru Financiar Multianual, care ar trebui să intre în vigoare la 1 ianuarie 2021.

Momentul zilei va fi dezbaterea cu președintele în exercițiu al Comisiei Europene, Jean-Claude Juncker, privind rezultatele executivului european în ultimii cinci ani. Juncker, care va mai sta o lună în plus în funcție din cauza amânării votului pentru Comisia von der Leyen, a participat săptămâna trecută la ultimul său Consiliu European, fiind omagiat de liderii europeni ca un ”veteran al istoriei europene” după ce a participat la aproape 600 de reuniuni UE în întreaga carieră politică, inclusiv 147 de Consilii Europene.

Voi rămâne mândru până la sfârşitul vieţii mele că am putut sluji Europa, mulţumesc!”, a spus Juncker, în conferința de presă de la finalul ultimului său summit european, cu vocea încărcată de emoție.

Cu excepţia unei crize politice și unei prelungiri a incertitudinii în jurul Comisiei Ursulei von der Leyen, Consiliul European din 17-18 octombrie a fost ultimul pentru Juncker

De la preluarea mandatului pe 1 noiembrie 2014, Comisia Juncker a abordat o serie de probleme importante, printre care schimbările climatice, Brexit-ul, criza zonei euro, șomajul în rândul tinerilor, migrația, imixtiunea străină în procesele democratice și dezinformarea, atacurile la adresa drepturilor omului și a statului de drept, schimbările provocate de digitalizare, creșterea tensiunilor internaționale și numeroasele conflicte armate aflate în apropierea granițelor UE.

Intitulată de Juncker drept ”Comisia ultimei șanse”, o serie de rezultate majore pe care actuala Comisie le-a realizat în cei cinci ani de mandat sunt reprezentate de soluționarea crizei datoriilor Greciei, implementarea Fondului European de Investiții Strategice (cunoscut și ca ”Planul Juncker”), lansarea Pilonului Social European, precum și contribuția la deciziile UE privind viitorul Europei prin lansarea Cartei Albe cu cinci scenarii de viitor.

Jean-Claude Juncker este, până în prezent, primul și singurul președinte al Comisiei Europene ales în baza procedurii Spitzenkandidat, sistem care nu a mai fost aplicat de liderii europeni care au numit-o drept succesoare a lui Juncker pe Ursula von der Leyen, care a promis o ”Comisie geopolitică”.

Ales cu 422 de voturi pentru de Parlamentul European, spre deosebire de cele doar 383 obținute de Ursula von der Leyen, Jean-Claude Juncker a susținut, în cei cinci ani de mandat, patru discursuri privind Starea Uniunii Europene (#SOTEU).

Dacă în cadrul primului său discurs privind Starea Uniunii (în 2015), o frază a lui Juncker a rămas celebră pentru sintetizarea situației de la acel moment în Europa (confruntată cu criză de securitate la est, cu amenințări teroriste și sub presiunea migrației) – Nu prea există spirit european în această Uniune. și nu prea există uniune în această Uniune – în 2016, șeful Comisiei a insistat asupra beneficiilor pe care integrarea europeană le-a adus în ultimele șase decenii, invocând pacea și prosperitatea și pledând pentru o Europă mai bună care apără și protejează.

În discursul privind Starea Uniunii din 2017, România a fost țara cea mai invocată în alocuțiunea lui Juncker, președintele Comisiei Europene culminând cu propunerea organizării, la Sibiu, a unui summit dedicat viitorului Europei după Brexit. Summitul liderilor europeni a avut loc anul acesta, la 9 mai, fiind prima astfel de reuniune europeană organizată chiar de Ziua Europei.

”În sfârșit, vântul s-a întors în velele noastre”, a spus Juncker, în 2017, pentru ca la ultimul său discurs, cel din 2018, să afirme că ”este timpul ca Europa să își ia destinul în propriile mâini”.

În ce-l privește pe Donald Tusk, retragerea sa de pe scena europeană va fi mai degrabă una în lateral, întrucât șeful actual al Consiliului European a fost nominalizat pentru a prelua funcția de președinte al Partidului Popular European, cea mai mare familie politică din UE și care deține cel mai mare grup politic în Parlamentul European.

De asemenea, în sesiunea plenară de la Strasbourg, Parlamentul European își va adopta poziția cu privire la bugetul UE pe anul viitor, cu accent pe schimbările climatice, șomajul în rândul tinerilor, Erasmus, migrație și politicile externe.

Deputații subliniază, în proiectul de rezoluție, că bugetul Uniunii Europene pe anul 2020 ar trebui să deschidă calea pentru bugetul UE pe termen lung 2021-2027 și să ofere un punct de plecare solid pentru lansarea noii generații de programe și politici UE.

Este de așteptat ca la viitoarea sesiune plenară, cea din perioada 25-28 noiembrie 2019, să fie supusă votului echipa Ursulei von der Leyen pentru mandatul 2019-2024 al Comisiei Europene.

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COMISIA EUROPEANA

Comisia Europeană, reacție după votul Parlamentului britanic privind Brexit: UE îi cere lui Boris Johnson să anunțe ”pașii de urmat cât mai curând posibil”

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Comisia Europeană a luat notă de votul din Camera Comunelor prin care acordul de retragere a Marii Britanii din Uniunea Europeană nu a fost supus votului, a scris, într-o reacție pe Twitter, purtătorul de cuvânt al executivului european, Mina Andreeva.

Este de datoria Guvernului Regatului Unit să ne informeze asupra pașilor de urmat cât mai curând posibil”, a continuat Andreeva.

De altfel, după ce negociatorii UE și cei ai Marii Britanii au ajuns la un acord joi, Jean-Claude Juncker, președintele în exercițiu al Comisiei Europene, a precizat în cadrul unor declarații comune de presă cu premierul britanic Boris Johnson că nu mai există motiv să amânăm suplimentar Brexit-ul și că retragerea Regatului Unit din Uniunea Europeană trebuie să aibă loc la 31 octombrie 2019.

Parlamentarii britanici au votat sâmbătă, într-o sesiune extraordinară convocată pentru acordul privind Brexit, să amâne votul asupra acestui acord până când va fi adoptată legislaţia prin care s-ar implementa acordul.

Amendamentul Letwin, care cere premierului Boris Johnson să solicite o nouă amânare a Brexit-ului, a fost adoptat cu 332 de voturi pentru și 306 împotrivă.

Prin urmare, premierul conservator Boris Johnson ar trebui să ceară Uniunii Europene amânarea Brexitului dincolo de data de 31 octombrie.

Într-o primă reacție, Boris Johnson a declarat, în Parlament, că nu va negocia cu Uniunea Europeană nicio nouă amânare a procesului de retragere, dar că va introduce în parlament legislaţia necesară ieșirii din UE.

Acordul la care au ajuns UE și guvernul premierului Boris Johnson, aprobat de Consiliul European joi, a fost modificat într-o proporție scăzută față de precedentele sale forme, însă noua înțelegere înlătură mecanismul de backstop (plasa de siguranță). Acordul convenit între Londra şi Bruxelles prevede că Irlanda de Nord va fi de facto în interiorul vamal britanic, însă de jure va rămâne aliniată anumitor norme ale pieţei unice europene, pentru a se evita reapariţia unei frontiere între Irlanda şi Irlanda de Nord şi a menţine Acordul de pace din Vinerea Mare. Majoritatea celorlalte prevederi ale acordului – drepturile cetățenilor, angajamentele financiare ale Regatului Unit și perioada de tranziție – au rămas în termenii negociați anterior.

Reamintim că la 4 septembrie parlamentarii britanici au aprobat o lege prin care îl obligă pe Boris Johnson să ceară prelungirea Brexit-ului până la 31 ianuarie 2020 dacă un acord nu este adoptat. De asemenea, o eventuală solicitare din partea lui Boris Jonson, care exclude această opțiune și avertizează că Marea Britanie va părăsi UE la 31 octombrie chiar și fără un acord, trebuie aprobată şi de liderii europeni.

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COMISIA EUROPEANA

Noi bani europeni pentru Republica Moldova: Comisia Europeană alocă 14,35 milioane de euro sub formă de sprijin bugetar pentru realizarea reformelor

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Comisia Europeană a aprobat vineri plata sumei de 14,35 milioane de euro, sub formă de sprijin bugetar, pentru a contribui la realizarea reformelor atât de necesare care sunt continuate de noul guvern al Republicii Moldova.

Potrivit unui comunicat remis CaleaEuropeană.ro, asistența va sprijini reforma poliției, combaterea corupției și a spălării banilor, modernizarea sectorului energetic și eficientizarea și transparentizarea finanțelor publice. 

”Pachetul de asistență adoptat este dovada angajamentului UE față de cetățenii moldoveni, care au militat cu perseverență pentru ca aceste reforme să fie puse în practică. Autoritățile Republicii Moldova și-au intensificat activitățile întreprinse pentru combaterea eficace a corupției și garantarea independenței instanțelor judecătorești și a parchetelor. Îndeplinirea acestor obiective este de o importanță determinantă dacă se dorește ca cetățenii să-și recapete încrederea și ca reformele să avanseze la capacitate maximă. Cetățenii Republicii Moldova se pot baza cu încredere pe sprijinul deplin al UE față de acest proces de reforme”, a declarat, în context, Johannes Hahn, comisarul european pentru vecinătate și negocieri pentru extindere. 

Plata efectuată vineri urmează plăților aferente sprijinului bugetar efectuate în iulie 2019 (14,54 milioane de euro), primei tranșe a asistenței macrofinanciare, anunțată recent (30 de milioane de euro) și Consiliului de asociere UE-Republica Moldova, desfășurat la 30 septembrie 2019.

Comisia Europeană și-a reluat în iulie plățile aferente sprijinului bugetar către Republica Moldova, după ce le-a suspendat timp de doi ani din cauza deteriorării situației statului de drept din această țară. În urma schimbării guvernului din iunie 2019, autoritățile Republicii Moldova s-au angajat într-un proces de reforme structurale semnificative și substanțiale, proces care a asigurat condițiile necesare pentru ca UE să își reia sprijinul bugetar și asistența macrofinanciară. 

UE recunoaște măsurile importante luate de guvern pentru a găsi soluții la problemele pe care le reprezintă politizarea accentuată a instituțiilor de stat, corupția și lipsa de independență a sistemului judiciar și a parchetelor. Prin aceste măsuri, guvernul de coaliție a răspuns multora dintre preocupările UE evidențiate deja în Concluziile Consiliului din 26 februarie 2018. S-au înregistrat rezultate pozitive îndeosebi în ceea ce privește reformele sistemului electoral, proiectul de lege privind reforma Curții Supreme de Justiție și legislația privind Procurorul General. Mai mult, Republica Moldova a solicitat Comisiei de la Veneția să avizeze aceste proiecte legislative, ceea ce reprezintă un pas înainte. De asemenea, consultările publice își păstrează în continuare importanța. Noul guvern a restabilit, de asemenea, relațiile cu Fondul Monetar Internațional (FMI). La 20 septembrie, FMI a încheiat a patra și a cincea evaluare a programului său cu Moldova.

Comisia Europeană și Serviciul European de Acțiune Externă vor continua să monitorizeze îndeaproape situația politică și să evalueze îndeplinirea condițiilor înaintea fiecărei plăți de sprijin bugetar.

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