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INTERVIEW. EU Commission candidate Jean-Claude Juncker: You can not build a future on debt alone

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Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission, offered an interview for caleaeuropeana.ro, in which he stated that Europe should focus on creating growth that it is not based on debt. Juncker also talked about his priorities as chief of the EC, EU’s relations with Asia, USA and Russia, and his expectations for the right wing political parties in Romania, as the european elections approach. juncker Full interview: 1. Given the fact that Russia is an important issue for the regional situation, do you think that European partner states, like Moldova and Georgia, are in real danger? How do you comment Mr Schulz’s attitude about Russia? Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: In the 21st century, Russia cannot bully its neighbours into its sphere of influence and it must respect international Law. Let’s be clear: Russia will only learn to respect the territorial integrity of its neighbours if it gets a clear, strong and united European reply. No responsible politician wants war. But we Europeans have other common tools at our disposal to put pressure on Russia. And we should not underestimate the effectiveness of economic pressure. In our modern globalised world, no country can afford to live in permanent isolation from the rest of the world. We need to step up – if Russia does not change it’s behaviour – the level of our sanctions and extend their scope, including cutting the financial channels to and from Russia. Putin is testing Europe. And we must not let him get away with it. This is why I firmly support the signature of the Association Agreements with Moldova and Georgia, which should happen as soon as possible.   

  1. You have criticized the central role -that some would even call “monopoly” – that larger states of the EU had during the economic crisis. Since the subject is still a reality, what is your solution for this problem?

Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: I have always been a supporter of the principle of equality between Member States, which is a founding principle of the European Union and written into the EU Treaties. This does not mean that I do not appreciate the important contribution that larger Member States have made during the recent crisis to help stabilising euro countries in difficulty. However, also smaller Member States have made important contributions. Per capita, for example, the citizens of Luxembourg have contributed the most to the coordinated loans needed for the rescue of the euro: 3506 Euro per person, while German citizens contributed 2317 Euro per capita and France 2179 Euro per capita. Let’s also not forget that the clear majority of Member States in the European Union are small countries. Small countries have therefore shaped the direction of the European Union at least as much as big countries. As a Luxembourger, I can tell you that the European Union makes small countries big.  

  1. The European Union comes after two Barroso terms, concerning his presidency to the European Commission. Which would be the three main things you would reproach him, in terms of EU’s leadership?

Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: In a very difficult context, Barroso and his Commission have worked continuously to put the European economy back on its feet and to stabilise the euro. As Commission president, I will build on this important and broadly successful work. As president of the Commission, I would furthermore focus my efforts on growth and employment, on strengthening Europe’s energy policy and on developing a truly common foreign policy. I also want the members of the Commission to be politically experienced men and women, who bring clear proposals in order to reach these goals.  

  1. Which are the three main things that make you different, in front of the other candidates, and thus give you the necessary plus, in order to consider yourself the best option for the next presidential term of the European Commission? 

Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: I have gained a lot of experience during my 19 years as Prime Minister of Luxembourg and the 8 years I spent as President of the Eurogroup. I know and I value the importance of listening and of building consensus. I am a bridge-builder, and I want to rebuild the ties that have been damaged during the last years due to the crisis, between north and south, between east and west. I don’t see the other candidates as enemies – only as opponents. Our main differences are in our competing visions for the future direction we want to give Europe and notably the direction we want to give to Europe’s economic and social policies. 

  1. You previously mentioned that it is vital to talk about “the true Europe”, as it was imagined by the “founding fathers” through their political programs written right after WWII.  How would you adapt the original goals to the present-day EU?

Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: Most of the EU’s founding fathers were Christian democrats, like I am. Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer and Alcide de Gasperi thought of a set of values placed at the core of the European project and I hold those values dearly: solidarity between European nations; subsidiarity, in the sense of letting the Member States take care of things they can still do by themselves and overall, the promotion of a Social Market Economy, a market economy with a social orientation in which it is the economy that serves the people and not the other way round.

  1. You addressed the issue of Europe’s Foreign, Security and Defence capacities – and enhancing its ability to act in the world and in cyberspace. Could you please give us an example of such policies regarding the cyberspace?

Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission:  We need to enhance our cybersecurity capabilities. Less than two years ago the European Union established a European Cybercrime Centre within Europol which has been off to a good start. We can use this as a platform to go further and increase our reach. Cooperation between the private and public, between Member States and with our partners outside the EU must also be improved in the sense of pooling and sharing information about potential threats. We also have to stimulate innovation in this area in Europe. Not only can that have a positive effect on our cyber-capabilities but also on our economy. 

  1. What would you do as the president of European Commission in order to enhance European capabilities in defending itself?

Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: I believe that the European Union needs to start paying closer attention to the existing provisions in the Treaties that allow us to progressively build a common European defence among those countries that are willing and ready to do so. I understand this is not a popular idea everywhere but the Treaties also allow for countries who want to do so, to go ahead. Pooling our defence capacities also makes perfect economic sense. 

  1. Which is your vision in the relationships between EU and USA, Russia and China?

Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: We are in the midst negotiating a far-reaching trade agreement with the United States. Concluding that agreement will be one of my priorities as Commission President. It is anachronistic that we still impose custom duties on each other’s products. Of course, it will be also my priority to make sure that we do not sacrifice Europe’s safety, health, social and data protection standards on the altar of free trade. With Russia I would like to re-establish a relation of mutual respect and understanding. We share many things and we could benefit from each other but Russia must respect the European Union as well as its neighbours’ European aspirations. A precondition for better relations with Russia is that Russia fully respects international law and the existing borders in Europe. China is our second largest trading partner and there is room for improvement in our relations over the next years. It would be beneficial for Europe. However, we will only be able to talk to China as equals if we stand together and if we hold a common line as the European Union. Issues like getting fair, equal treatment for European businesses in China, can only be addressed if we speak with a single, strong voice. 

  1. Mr. Juncker, in your confrontation with Mr. Schulz, you said that your priority as President of the Commission would be the solving of the unemployment issue. How would you address this sensitive subject?

Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: We have to create growth that is not based on debt. We can do so by making stronger use of the best asset we have in Europe: our single market stretching over a whole continent, with 500 million potential consumers. That is why I have made my top priority as Commission President completing the Digital Single Market – making use of the great opportunities of digital technologies which know no borders. To do so we will need to have the courage to break down national silos in telecoms regulation, in copyright and data protection legislation, in the management of radio waves and in competition law. By doing this, we can generate 500 billion Euro of additional growth in Europe in the course of the mandate of the next Commission, thereby creating hundreds of thousands new jobs and a vibrant knowledge-based society.        10 As a specialist in finances, you enjoy working with numbers, percentage and statistics. What is your prediction for decreasing the unemployment until 2019? Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: By the end of the next Commission term, we can be in a much better situation if the EU institutions and national governments intensify their efforts to bring yong people in decent jobs. Our recipe of consolidation and solidarity against the crisis is already showing results and we are starting to see good prospects in the whole EU, with Spain as a particular example, which is now at its lowest level of unemployment since 2006. As Commission President I will devote myself to making sure that by 2019 the scandalous levels of unemployment and youth unemployment that we see today are something of the past. I will work night and day on this. 11.It is largely known that the EU is the main benefactor in Africa in terms of humanitarian  and development aid, but unfortunately the Union failed to give proper assistance in the violent incidents that tore apart countries like Mali and the Central African Republic. The question is how would you push for more concerted action when addressing security issues in Africa? Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: Fortunately, France has saved the honour of Europe in Mali. In the future, we should be better prepared and ready to deploy EU missions to crisis zones in Europe’s neighborhood to stabilize the situation and to guarantee peace. Also here, if not all 28 EU Member States are ready to do so, those who are should be allowed to go ahead. After all, Europe has too often been stabilized and helped by other countries as that it could now shy away from shouldering larger responsibilities for world peace.   12. As a former leader of the Eurozone, you are very familiar with the EU financial sector, but many citizens of the Union can feel the effects of the financial mechanisms, while being oblivious to what triggers them. Therefore, could you explain the implications for the European citizens of the Single Supervisory Mechanism as a pillar of the Banking Union project?   Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: It was the European People’s Party who put in place the architecture to regulate the financial sector better; return public finances to health; and improve the governance of the euro area. We can now prevent, supervise and deal with crises together. During the crisis years we saw how citizens’ money had to be used to save failing banks. We have made sure that this will never happen again. The single supervisory mechanism means that the European Central Bank, with close involvement of national supervisory bodies, will be able to supervise the Eurozone’s 6.000 banks and assure that they do not take part in risky situations that compromise the financial stability of all the countries that share the euro as currency.  13. What do you plan to inovate in the EPP philosophy for the European Commission, after the two Barroso terms, another EPP leadership?   Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: If there’s one thing the crisis has shown is that you’re in safe hands with EPP leadership. EPP-led countries are returning to growth after, often painful, structural reforms. In Socialist-led countries, however, structural reforms are blocked and unemployment is still on the rise. Therefore, the question is less to change the EPP philosophy, but to implement it to the full.          14. Which are the espectations for the elections in Romania?    Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: I hope that centre-right parties of our family will perform well. The EPP has solid partners in Romania, many of them have already been working in Brussels delivering results for the Romanian people and my hope is that citizens will realise this and will place their trust in us.         15. Why is important for European citizens to vote? Why for Romanians?   Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: You should vote in these European elections because this is your chance to have a say about where Europe goes next. In less than 30 days, 300 million Europeans will go to the polls to vote in a new European Parliament. Citizens in 28 countries will directly elect their 751 representatives in the European Parliament. 32 of these European Parliamentarians will be directly elected here in Romania, which is a considerable number that can change majorities in the European Parliament. And for the first time in the history of European integration, we have lead candidates for President of the European Commission, giving citizens a clear choice about who they want shaping and implementing European policies for the next five years. The days of backroom deals are over. All the polls now point to a neck and neck race between the European People’s party and the Socialists in these elections – meaning every vote counts. This is your chance to choose. 16. When should the austerity measures stop in Europe? Jean-Claude Juncker, EPP Candidate for President of the European Commission: You talk of austerity as if it were the 1930s – it is now. At the start of the crisis we acted ’Keyensian’ and injected 250 billion euros into the economy, running a counter-cyclical programme that is by definition the opposite of austerity. But at the same time we also have to address the public debt problem. There is no alternative to these painful reforms. You can not build a future on debt alone, sooner or later you have to pay it back. The painful measures that have been taken to consolidate our budgets and put our debt under control were necessary because during the previous years some governments, and particularly socialist governments in countries like Spain and Portugal behaved in an irresponsible manner spending the money that they didn’t have. The focus going forward now has to be on creating growth that is not based on debt.       .   .

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INTERVIEW Ambassador Tacan Ildem, NATO Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy: Fake news challenges our resilience. Through communication, NATO is more agile

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NATO’s centre of gravity and its essential strength is the commitment of its members to stand up for each other. Article 5 in this respect is the core of the North Atlantic Treaty, says Ambassador Tacan Ildem, Assistant of NATO’s Secretary General for Public Diplomacy.

In an interview for CaleaEuropeană.ro, on the sidelines of Bucharest Forum, Ambassador Ildem praised Romania’s efforts to contribute to NATO’s communication and branding campaign, underlining that our country holds a key role on explaining the Alliance’s policy towards the Black Sea and the Western Balkans, while enjoyind a “recognized excellence” in new technologies, both an opportunity and challenge to the nature of warfare.

Ambassador Ildem also referred to NATO’s efforts in countering fake news, drawing attention to the idea that “fake news challenge enduring public support for NATO policies.

“It challenges our resilience as societies. This is why NATO aim to counter this phenomenon calmly but firmly”, said NATO’s high-ranking official.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: Seventy years of NATO and especially thirty years since the fall of the Berlin Wall seem like far moments in history for an ordinary citizen. How do you explain to the general public the need of having the collective defense umbrella provided by NATO?

Ambassador Ildem: Thirty years ago, the Cold War ended, and with it the separation of Europe. In the last three decades, challenges have been different and yet the commitment of Allies to stand as one has endured. Better yet, new Allies have joined, including Romania, and this is illustrative of the benefits provided by membership in NATO. I believe the ordinary citizen understand well that our societies are confronted to many security challenges, both traditional ones, like Russia’s new assertive foreign policy, and less traditional ones, like cyber threats or terrorism. NATO does not replace national efforts towards defense, but it brings them together so that together, the Alliance is greater and stronger than the sum of its parts.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: After the end of Cold War NATO enlarged as a promise for newly born democracies in Central and Eastern Europe. Since 2014, the Alliance faces multiple threats including at its Eastern borders, but some are non-military and use disruptive technologies. What can NATO do more to help new allies, including Romania, to build more resilient societies in dealing with disinformation activities?

Ambassador Ildem: Disinformation is a concern for everyone, because unlike misinformation, which is unintended, disinformation is an attempt to sow error and wrong appreciations of reality intentionally. Resilience is a frame of mind, irrespective of when one joined NATO! It requires that every member of society do its part. At NATO, we consider that resilience includes pro-active communication, to inform the public and the media; reactive communication to correct what we consider partial, incomplete or tendentious reports in the information environment; and frequent face to face meetings with opinion leaders, because direct meetings develop trust, a key component of resilience. But citizens also have a role to play in countering disinformation activities, by diversifying their sources of information and by being mindful of possible political biases. NATO’s public diplomacy is contributing to this effort. 

CaleaEuropeană.ro: NATO’s ongoing process to adapt to a challenging security environment, especially on the hybrid and disinformation challenges, has found a name two years ago: “#WeAreNATO”. What is the story behind this branded communications campaign and why has it surfaced? 

Ambassador Ildem: NATO has always sought to adapt. Even before the 2014 illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia, public diplomacy was evolving rapidly taking into account the rise of social media and its impact on audiences but also on the tools communicators use. NATO considered these new developments and decided to adapt and adopt new modalities. The method evolves, but the ultimate objective remains unchanged: to reach out to diverse public in our nations. With campaigns, we are more agile, better able to measure the impact of our work, and therefore hopefully more successful as well.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: Romania is one of the pioneers of the #WeAreNATO campaign while the public support for our NATO membership raises more than 50% of the population, and these are positive facts. Even so, how can Romania, as an Eastern border of Western world, actively engage to better promote and explain NATO’s profile and measures for deterrence and defense? 

Ambassador Ildem: I am very happy that Romania has contributed so much to our campaign effort to explain NATO policies to home audiences. As your readers may not know, we have three priority publics, of which the first is the successor generation, the future leaders of Romania. We are also reaching out to women specifically. Finally, we seek to ensure that people without higher education have an understanding of Romania’s Alliance contributions. Looking forward, Romania has a role in explaining NATO’s approach to the Black Sea and Western Balkans, but also in explaining the determination of Allies to innovate in the face of disruptive new technologies – technologies that present opportunities, but that will also change the nature of warfare. I think here specifically of big data, artificial intelligence and other disruptive technologies, areas in which Romania enjoys recognized excellence.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: NATO has always been referred to as a collective defense organization guided by the principle engraved under Article 5. To what extent fake news phenomenon is a threat for NATO’s security and ability to defend its members? In this, what would be the role of public diplomacy within the Alliance in countering hybrid warfare?

Ambassador Ildem: Fake news is a complex phenomenon involving both would-be state competitors as well as non-state organizations. Its destructive intent is compounded by the new potential of social media platforms. NATO takes this reality very seriously. We chose to oppose fake news with facts, and do so through proactive press relations, social media engagements, as well as through a dynamic program of public diplomacy activities aimed at different audiences. While it does not directly affect NATO’s ability to defend itself militarily, fake news do contribute to muddying the waters and to confusing publics. Therefore fake news challenge enduring public support for NATO policies. It challenges our resilience as societies. This is why NATO aim to counter this phenomenon calmly but firmly.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: Although our transatlantic cooperation is weakened by geopolitical disruptions and the return of great power politics, NATO is almost unanimously self-considered the most successful military alliance. How are cohesion and “allied strong” approach playing up their role in keeping the West united at a time when we should celebrate three decades since the values on which NATO was founded began to find their ground in Central and Eastern Europe? 

Ambassador Ildem: NATO’s centre of gravity, its essential strength, is the commitment of its members to stand up for each other. Article 5 in this respect is the core of the North Atlantic Treaty. Cohesion among Allies is the Secretary General’s priority at all times, and that of his collaborators. This is why it is important to attend seminars such as the Bucharest Security Forum, which helps to develop a common view of challenges and threats.

CaleaEuropeană.ro: In a few weeks, NATO leaders will gather in London to mark 70 years of the North-Atlantic family. At the same time, many allies celebrate ten, fifteen or twenty years since joining the Euro-Atlantic community. What does the future hold for NATO?

Ambassador Ildem: Citizens and experts alike recognize NATO’s historical capacity to adapt. This is why it has celebrated this year its 70th anniversary. In looking to the future, NATO is again taking the steps to adapt to a changed security environment. It has taken steps to reinforce its defence and deterrence in the biggest effort in a generation, following Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014. It is busy developing responses to hybrid and cyber challenges and to instability in the South. It seeks to enhance the resilience of its operations, and helps Allies do the same. It works with partners to strengthen their defense establishments. NATO is fully committed to remaining fit for purpose as challenges to security continue to evolve.


Ambassador Tacan Ildem was appointed Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy in March 2016. He advises the Secretary General on public diplomacy issues and directs the Public Diplomacy Division (PDD), which plays a key role in conveying the Alliance’s strategic and political messages to opinion formers and to the public in general. PDD works to raise the Alliance’s profile with audiences world-wide and to build support for Alliance operations and policies.

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INCSMPS organises the ”GLOBE Competence Framework -New Skills for Green Jobs” European Conference (LIVE, September 26th, 10:00)

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© Conferința Globe (www.competenteverzi.ro)

The National Scientific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection (INCSMPS) is organising the European Conference ”GLOBE Competence Framework – New Skills for Green Jobs. Game Based Training To Develop Transversal Green Skills in Apprenticeship Programmes”.

The event will take place on Thursday, September 26th, at the Marshal Garden Hotel in Bucharest, and will be live streamed on CaleaEuropeană.ro and on Calea Europeană’s Facebook Page, starting at 10:00.

VIDEO I

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”GLOBE Competence Framework – New Skills for Green Jobs. Game Based Training To Develop Transversal Green Skills in Apprenticeship Programmes” is financed through an Erasmus + project.

The objectives of GLOBE project are: answer to shortage of skills and competences in green economy; contributing to update the national competence and skills framework, including new competences for green economy and up-dating traditional professional profiles ac-cording to the new requirements; improve the training delivery mechanism, through the development and use of innovative learning and training resources (game based learning); dealing with the dual challenge of green economy, making economic growth compatible with climate stabilisation and sustainable environment footprint through the development of green skills and competences in apprentice; contributing to develop the social dimension of green economy, promoting training and adapting labour.

As for INCSMPS, since it was established, in 1990, the institute has performed scientific research activities in the field of labour market and social protection, thus supporting Romania’s efforts to create and develop a sustainable economy, based on modern, European principles. The scientific research in the institute is related to the labour market and social policy, for the creation of measurement instruments, indices and criteria.

INCSMPS has as main object of activity the research and development in the field of social and humanist sciences, carry out surveys and research with theoretical-applicative character in fields of national interest regarding the human resources management, social development and social protection in Romania.

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Foreign Affairs Minister Ramona Mănescu: The Strategic Partnership with the US is the central focus of the Romanian diplomacy, while the accession to Schengen remains a priority

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Foreign Affairs Minister Ramona Mănescu said on Thursday that Romania’s accession to Schengen remains a priority of the Romanian diplomacy.

“Evoking the period when I was MEP, I can certainly tell you that (…) all the time both [the European] Parliament and the Commission said Romania was prepared to join Schengen, from a technical and logistical point of view. (…) Practically, we function de facto as a Schengen member state, but de jure we are not regarded as such. Romania doesn’t ask anything but the observance of the Treaty, we are members with full rights, we met our commitments and we seriously continue to meet them, no one can challenge Romania’s contribution to the security space, because we are not talking only about the eastern flank of NATO, we are also talking about EU’s eastern flank,” Ramona Mănescu told Antena 3 private television broadcaster on Thursday, quoted by Agerpres.

She maintained that the Romanian citizens “have all the right to get this well-deserved position of Schengen member state.”

“This is not something we must beg for, or be made a favour. It is provided in the Treaty and it must be observed. (…) I assure you we keep this on the agenda as priority topic, and all bilateral and extended discussions will include the Schengen accession component, we won’t stop from telling our colleagues in the EU that the Romanian citizens have the same rights,” Mănescu underscored, mentioning that, at present, in the Council half of the states support Romania’s accession to the free movement area, and the others oppose.

The Foreign Minister also pointed out that the Strategic Partnership with the US must remain the central focus of the Romanian diplomacy.

She also showed that Romania has the same position towards Russia as NATO and the EU.

“Romania’s position towards Russia starts in the first place from the vicinity we are in, but it is also part of the EU’s position regarding Russia, as we are part of the EU, we must get in line with EU’s stand. I am referring to sanctions, to certain limitations that we have in the dialogue and cooperation with Russia and I am particularly referring to the firm position we have as EU member, which we have always had, of observing the international legislative framework. We don’t ask too much from Russia as an actor on the geopolitical stage if we ask them to respect the international legislative framework. (…) It is the principle which we start from and which we cannot fail to keep not even for Russia, which is here, close to us. We have no reason to make an exception, because nothing is negotiable in this story,” Ramona Mănescu said.

According to the Minister, the relation with Russia represents “a key point in the stability in the area, in securing NATO’s eastern flank, in the manner in which we can further manage the discussions in the Black Sea. “The threats and gestures which Russia has repeatedly done in the Black Sea space, from a military stand, have been sanctioned all the time. (…) Both NATO and the EU have the same discourse. Romania cannot have a different discourse, because it is both part of the EU and NATO, and we are at the Black Sea,” she added.

Mănescu also said that she expected “the energy diplomacy to have its word,” in regards to the resources in the Black Sea.

“Our desire is for a partner such as Exxon to stay here and continue to work together as much and as well as possible. This entails our making some steps in an expected direction. I believe things will settle in the end, enter the right track and I even want to clarify this position shortly and the US partners must be convinced that we’ll be keeping the same line. (…) Mrs PM wants this as well,” Mănescu said.

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