Connect with us

ENGLISH

World Bank: Men in Eastern Europe and Central Asia are more likely to die prematurely than women

Published

on

PeopleMen in Eastern Europe and Central Asia are more likely to die prematurely than women, a trend driven by rising levels of chronic diseases connected to alcohol use, poor diets, and smoking.

In the region, the number of years of healthy life lost because of ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease, increased 18% between 1990 and 2010, cirrhosis 82%, and diabetes 11%. Alcohol use disorders also increased by 11% and cause more early deaths and disability than two decades ago.

While women saw their mortality rates decline over four decades, men in some age groups have experienced increases in mortality and others have seen little or no progress. For men aged 25 to 29, mortality rates were nearly the same in 2010 as they were in 1970, despite improvements for men globally in this age group. For men aged 45 to 59, mortality rose between 1970 and 2010, and researchers attribute this in large part to rising levels of alcohol use.

These are some of the findings published September 4 by the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in a report titled The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy – Europe and Central Asia Regional Edition, which covers the countries in Central and Southeastern Europe, the Western Balkans, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), as well as Georgia, Russia, and Turkey. The report is based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010(GBD 2010), a collaborative effort of researchers from 50 countries around the world led by IHME at the University of Washington.

Although communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal causes have decreased in number, health loss from these diseases still persists in certain countries across the region, such as in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

“The rapid shifts in disease burden place poor people in low- and middle-income countries at high risk of not having access to appropriate services and incurring payments for health care that push them deeper into poverty,” said Timothy Evans, Director of Health, Nutrition and Population at the World Bank Group. “The data in these new reports are critical inputs to the efforts of policymakers in countries towards universal health coverage that aim to improve the health of their people, communities, and economies.”

The World Bank commissioned the first GBD analysis as part of its World Development Report 1993. Earlier this year, IHME presented GBD 2010 findings in meetings hosted by the World Bank. Bank officials saw how the GBD analysis could be applied to the Bank’s work in specific countries and began working with IHME on six regional reports.

The report also identifies the leading causes of disability in the region. Mental disorders such as depression and anxiety as well as low back pain, neck pain, and other musculoskeletal disorders contributed most to increasing levels of disability throughout Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

Fewer people in Europe and Central Asia are dying prematurely, but preventable risk factors such as poor diets, high blood pressure, and alcohol use are fueling increases in health loss from non-communicable diseases,” said Dr. Christopher Murray, IHME Director and one of the lead authors of the GBD study. “As people age and experience a range of health conditions, setting priorities to address these changing health trends becomes increasingly important.”

Murray and his co-authors also call on countries to address the leading risk factors that cause the most disability and premature death. Dietary risks, high blood pressure, alcohol use, smoking, high BMI, and physical inactivity were all leading risk factors that contributed to increasing levels of mortality between 1990 and 2010. Household air pollution, iron deficiency, and suboptimal breast feeding caused the most illness in children.

Each country in Eastern Europe and Central Asia faces unique challenges brought on by changing risk factors,” said Heidi Larson, IHME’s Director of European Initiatives. “For policymakers, it will be critical to use these local data to develop solutions that work for each country while improving health in the region as a whole.”

In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the top 10 causes of premature death and disability and percent change between 1990 and 2010 were:

  • Ischemic heart disease: 18% increase
  • Stroke: 7% decrease
  • Low back pain: 1% increase
  • Major depressive disorder: 2% decrease
  • Lower respiratory infections: 55% decrease
  • Road injury: 28% decrease
  • HIV/AIDS: 7,399% increase
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: 22% decrease
  • Self-harm: 9% decrease
  • Lung cancer: 25% decrease

In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the top 10 risk factors for premature death and disability and percent change between 1990 and 2010 were:

  • Dietary risks: 14% increase
  • High blood pressure: 11% increase
  • Alcohol use: 38% increase
  • Smoking: 1% decrease
  • High BMI: 39% increase
  • Physical inactivity: percentage change unavailable due to lack of data
  • High total cholesterol: 9% decrease
  • High fasting plasma glucose: 20% increase
  • Ambient particulate matter pollution: 36% decrease
  • Occupational risks: 8% decrease

Detailed findings for the World Bank’s Europe and Central Asia region and each country in the region are available online in a series of country profiles and data visualization tools. IHME also is making available for the first time GBD data for every country in the world for download. Anyone can search by condition or country on the IHME website atwww.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/search-gbd-data.

Building on the success of GBD 2010, IHME is expanding its network of researchers from around the world with expertise in specific diseases, injuries, and risk factors. Through this broader network, IHME hopes to strengthen the country-level assessments that are produced and make GBD updates more frequent. Application information is available here.

The World Bank Group and Health, Nutrition, and Population

The World Bank Group is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world, with the goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity. Improving health is integral to achieving these goals. The Bank Group provides financing, state-of-the-art analysis, and policy advice to help countries expand access to quality, affordable health care; protect people from falling into poverty or worsening poverty due to illness; and promote investments in all sectors that form the foundation of healthy societies.

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is a global health research organization at the University of Washington that provides rigorous and comparable measurement of the world’s most important health problems and evaluates the strategies used to address them. IHME makes this information widely available so that policymakers have the evidence they need to make informed decisions about how to allocate resources to best improve population health.

Source: World Bank

ENGLISH

MEP Vasile Blaga: The crisis in Afghanistan, especially in its social dimension, must have a firm response from the EU

Published

on

© Vasile Blaga/Facebook

MEP Vasile Blaga (PNL, EPP) argues that the current crisis in Afghanistan must be a priority on the agenda of the European institutions, which have resumed their work after the summer break.

In a statement for CaleaEuropeană, MEP Vasile Blaga said that the crisis in Afghanistan, especially in its social dimension, “must have a clear and firm response from the European Union.”

“The European Parliament has put the crisis in Afghanistan on its agenda this session. I expect that all the debates on the situation in Afghanistan will lead to solutions to the serious humanitarian situation that is about to unfold in Afghanistan. The EU, but also the Member States, owe a debt of gratitude to Afghan citizens who suddenly see their security and that of their families threatened”, added the EPP MEP.

The European Union this week began discussing the implications of recent events in Afghanistan for security and migration within the 27-nation Union.

The Foreign Affairs Committee, Development Committee and Parliament’s Delegation for relations with Afghanistan will hear from Gunnar Wiegand, Managing Director for Asia and the Pacific at the European External Action Service, who will present an assessment of the latest developments in Afghanistan. European Commission representatives are also expected to address MEPs.

Afghanistan has been rocked by deadly violence and a brutal terror attack against Kabul airport over the past few days, in the midst of U.S. and international troops evacuating from the country by 31 August.

Continue Reading

ENGLISH

MEP Vasile Blaga: EU response to future health crises and progress of national recovery and resilience plans, important issues on EP agenda

Published

on

MEP Vasile Blaga  (EPP) argues that the September plenary session of the European Parliament should debate as a priority the EU’s instruments in the face of health and humanitarian crises, as well as the progress of National Recovery and Resilience Plans.

According to the MEP, the European Parliament is putting on the agenda extremely important issues for the future of the Union.

„I believe that an EU response to the effects of the COVID 19 pandemic is vital. The future of the Union must find us prepared for potential health threats similar to the coronavirus pandemic. We can all see that a health emergency of the scale of the present one can only be managed by joint measures taken by all Member States. This unfortunate experience of the last two years has shown us the fragility of the EU in the face of external health threats. We need to learn from this so that the negative social and economic effects will not be repeated in the future”, said Vasile Blaga in a statement to CaleaEuropeană.

A second priority, says the EPP MEP, is linked to an accelerated recovery of the EU economies: “National recovery and resilience plans must be urgently adjusted and approved so that investment policies become engines of development in each Member State and, as a whole, kick-start the EU economy as a whole. The European Parliament must closely follow, also during this session, the progress of the national recovery plans and the way each Member State spends the money allocated by the NRRP to achieve the objectives listed in the Recovery and Resilience Facility”, added Vasile Blaga.

Continue Reading

ENGLISH

After working on infrastructure projects for NASA and the British Air Force F-35 aircraft, Lagan Aviation & Infrastructure will modernize Campia Turzii Air Base, together with the consortium represented by Leviatan Design

Published

on

©️ Forțele Aeriene Române

The British company Lagan Aviation & Infrastructure, with extensive experience in the field of infrastructure and logistics projects of the British Royal Air Force and with collaborations at NASA level, will participate as a subcontractor in the infrastructure project in the operational area of the air base at Câmpia Turzii, according to the announcement on the public procurement platform SICAP.

The British company Lagan Aviation & Infrastructure, with extensive experience in the field of infrastructure and logistics projects of the British Royal Air Force and with collaborations at NASA level, will participate as a subcontractor in the infrastructure project in the operational area of the air base at Câmpia Turzii, according to the announcement on the public procurement platform SICAP.

The tender for the first phase of the project, worth 514 million lei, on “Realization of infrastructure – operational area in barracks 1833 Câmpia Turzii” was won by the joint venture Telekom Romania Communications SA – Ubitech Construcții SRL – Petrodesign SA and Leviatan Design SRL, as leader of this partnership.

“Our consortium has the necessary experience, both from a national perspective, through similar specific projects it has carried out, and from an international perspective, through the partners we collaborate with”, said Cătălin Podaru, director of Leviatan Design, the company that participated in the pre-feasibility study for the multi-roller infrastructure at Câmpia Turzii.

Among the key international partners involved in the Câmpia Turzii project is Lagan Aviation & Infrastructure, part of the Lagan Construction Group Ltd, established in 1962. The Brits build infrastructure to the highest safety standards for Romania’s most important strategic-military partners: Among the most recent major British-managed projects are aviation projects at Dublin Airport and RAF Marham, an important strategic base for the British Royal Air Force, for the operation of F35 multi-role aircraft. The contract to upgrade infrastructure and facilities at RAF Marham is worth £135 million.

Recently, the company has successfully delivered projects at Heathrow, London City Airport, RAF Akrotiri and RAF Gibraltar. In recent years, the company has also executed a £23 million runway resurfacing contract at RAF Northolt.

The group also has a specialist US airport team based in Virginia, Washington DC, currently working at Ronald Reagan National Airport and the Wallops Flight Facility for NASA.

This company’s expertise in infrastructure projects for F-16 aircraft is important for defence projects at Câmpia Turzii, as the Romanian base hosts F-16 aircraft of the Romanian and allied air forces, as well as American MQ-9 Reaper drones.

The Campia Turzii Air Base is one of the key strategic points in Romania’s defence and security infrastructure, being treated as such even by allies. In May this year, the US Air Force announced that the United States will invest $152 million in 15 infrastructure upgrades at Romania’s Câmpia Turzii Air Base.

The first works have already started in May-August 2021. The US Air Force plans to spend $130 million this year on “mission optimisation” at the Romanian air base. This amount is reflected in the Department of Defense budget for this year and represents the largest US military investment in Europe for 2021.

Other new modernisation projects are due to start at the end of 2021.

Continue Reading

Facebook

Advertisement
U.E.11 hours ago

Opoziția din Ungaria organizează alegeri primare istorice în încercarea de a-l înlătura de la putere pe premierul Viktor Orban

U.E.12 hours ago

Grecia a inaugurat o nouă tabără pentru refugiați, ce poate găzdui 3.000 de persoane. Centrul a fost finanțat de Uniunea Europeană

INTERNAȚIONAL15 hours ago

Ministrul Bogdan Aurescu va participa la Adunarea Generală a ONU de la New York, precum și la o serie de reuniuni la nivel ministerial

SPECIAL15 hours ago

Astăzi în istorie – 75 de ani de la discursul lui Winston Churchill privind “Statele Unite ale Europei”: Dacă Europa ar fi unită, nu ar exista limită pentru fericire, prosperitate și glorie

U.E.15 hours ago

Ministrul german al apărării propune organizarea de misiuni militare mai rapide și independente, sub umbrela Uniunii Europene

INTERNAȚIONAL16 hours ago

Ministrul francez de externe a convenit cu omologul său indian să lucreze împreună la un program pentru a promova o „ordine internațională cu adevărat multilaterală”

Eugen Tomac17 hours ago

Eurodeputatul Eugen Tomac: Ca stat membru al NATO și al UE, România are în față multe oportunități oferite de Parteneriatul Strategic cu SUA

G2018 hours ago

Miniștrii agriculturii din țările G20 fac apel la suplimentarea eforturilor de combatere a foametei și pledează pentru mai multă inovație în agricultură

Alin Mituța1 day ago

Eurodeputatul Alin Mituța a lansat un Ghid al Fondurilor Europene pentru perioada 2021-2027, dedicat actorilor locali din mediul urban și rural din România

COMISIA EUROPEANA1 day ago

Uniunea Europeană și SUA anunță un acord global în vederea reducerii emisiilor de gaz metan. Inițiativa va fi lansată în cadrul COP26

INTERVIURI2 days ago

Comisarul European Adina Vălean, despre rolul tinerilor în Conferința pentru Viitorul Europei: Ideile lor reprezintă o valoare adăugată

INTERVIURI2 days ago

INTERVIU Comisarul european pentru transporturi Adina Vălean: Proiectele europene necesită o guvernanță stabilă

COMISIA EUROPEANA2 days ago

INTERVIU Comisarul european Adina Vălean: Românii vor prefera din nou mersul cu trenul, odată cu creșterea vitezei de deplasare

Marian-Jean Marinescu2 days ago

Marian-Jean Marinescu, îndemn către autoritățile din România pentru a moderniza sistemul feroviar: Avem nevoie de proiecte bine scrise pentru a conecta regiunile slab dezvoltate de Europa de Vest

COMISIA EUROPEANA3 days ago

Președinta Comisiei Europene, Ursula von der Leyen, vine în România după Congresul PNL pentru aprobarea PNRR

Dragoș Pîslaru4 days ago

Eurodeputatul Dragoș Pîslaru: Procesul tehnic de aprobare a PNRR-ului României este finalizat. 2 mld. de euro prefinanțare ar putea intra deja în țară în noiembrie

S&D5 days ago

Social-democrații din Parlamentul European se așteaptă ca Ursula von der Leyen să fie „îndrăzneață” pentru înfăptuirea Europei sociale, digitale și ecologice

COMISIA EUROPEANA5 days ago

Ursula von der Leyen pledează pentru apărarea “minunatelor valori europene” care au făcut Cortina de Fier să cadă: Ele sunt garantate de hotărârile CJUE, care trebuie respectate de fiecare stat membru

COMISIA EUROPEANA5 days ago

Ursula von der Leyen: Acoperirea deficitului de finanțare de către UE-SUA în domeniul climei va transmite un semnal puternic întregii lumi

COMISIA EUROPEANA5 days ago

Ursula von der Leyen anunță o nouă inițiativă a UE în domeniul semiconductorilor pentru a reduce dependența de Asia: Este o chestiune de suveranitate tehnologică. Să arătăm că suntem îndrăzneți

Team2Share

Trending