Connect with us

ENGLISH

World Bank: Men in Eastern Europe and Central Asia are more likely to die prematurely than women

Published

on

PeopleMen in Eastern Europe and Central Asia are more likely to die prematurely than women, a trend driven by rising levels of chronic diseases connected to alcohol use, poor diets, and smoking.

In the region, the number of years of healthy life lost because of ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease, increased 18% between 1990 and 2010, cirrhosis 82%, and diabetes 11%. Alcohol use disorders also increased by 11% and cause more early deaths and disability than two decades ago.

While women saw their mortality rates decline over four decades, men in some age groups have experienced increases in mortality and others have seen little or no progress. For men aged 25 to 29, mortality rates were nearly the same in 2010 as they were in 1970, despite improvements for men globally in this age group. For men aged 45 to 59, mortality rose between 1970 and 2010, and researchers attribute this in large part to rising levels of alcohol use.

These are some of the findings published September 4 by the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in a report titled The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy – Europe and Central Asia Regional Edition, which covers the countries in Central and Southeastern Europe, the Western Balkans, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), as well as Georgia, Russia, and Turkey. The report is based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010(GBD 2010), a collaborative effort of researchers from 50 countries around the world led by IHME at the University of Washington.

Although communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal causes have decreased in number, health loss from these diseases still persists in certain countries across the region, such as in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

“The rapid shifts in disease burden place poor people in low- and middle-income countries at high risk of not having access to appropriate services and incurring payments for health care that push them deeper into poverty,” said Timothy Evans, Director of Health, Nutrition and Population at the World Bank Group. “The data in these new reports are critical inputs to the efforts of policymakers in countries towards universal health coverage that aim to improve the health of their people, communities, and economies.”

The World Bank commissioned the first GBD analysis as part of its World Development Report 1993. Earlier this year, IHME presented GBD 2010 findings in meetings hosted by the World Bank. Bank officials saw how the GBD analysis could be applied to the Bank’s work in specific countries and began working with IHME on six regional reports.

The report also identifies the leading causes of disability in the region. Mental disorders such as depression and anxiety as well as low back pain, neck pain, and other musculoskeletal disorders contributed most to increasing levels of disability throughout Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

Fewer people in Europe and Central Asia are dying prematurely, but preventable risk factors such as poor diets, high blood pressure, and alcohol use are fueling increases in health loss from non-communicable diseases,” said Dr. Christopher Murray, IHME Director and one of the lead authors of the GBD study. “As people age and experience a range of health conditions, setting priorities to address these changing health trends becomes increasingly important.”

Murray and his co-authors also call on countries to address the leading risk factors that cause the most disability and premature death. Dietary risks, high blood pressure, alcohol use, smoking, high BMI, and physical inactivity were all leading risk factors that contributed to increasing levels of mortality between 1990 and 2010. Household air pollution, iron deficiency, and suboptimal breast feeding caused the most illness in children.

Each country in Eastern Europe and Central Asia faces unique challenges brought on by changing risk factors,” said Heidi Larson, IHME’s Director of European Initiatives. “For policymakers, it will be critical to use these local data to develop solutions that work for each country while improving health in the region as a whole.”

In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the top 10 causes of premature death and disability and percent change between 1990 and 2010 were:

  • Ischemic heart disease: 18% increase
  • Stroke: 7% decrease
  • Low back pain: 1% increase
  • Major depressive disorder: 2% decrease
  • Lower respiratory infections: 55% decrease
  • Road injury: 28% decrease
  • HIV/AIDS: 7,399% increase
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: 22% decrease
  • Self-harm: 9% decrease
  • Lung cancer: 25% decrease

In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the top 10 risk factors for premature death and disability and percent change between 1990 and 2010 were:

  • Dietary risks: 14% increase
  • High blood pressure: 11% increase
  • Alcohol use: 38% increase
  • Smoking: 1% decrease
  • High BMI: 39% increase
  • Physical inactivity: percentage change unavailable due to lack of data
  • High total cholesterol: 9% decrease
  • High fasting plasma glucose: 20% increase
  • Ambient particulate matter pollution: 36% decrease
  • Occupational risks: 8% decrease

Detailed findings for the World Bank’s Europe and Central Asia region and each country in the region are available online in a series of country profiles and data visualization tools. IHME also is making available for the first time GBD data for every country in the world for download. Anyone can search by condition or country on the IHME website atwww.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/search-gbd-data.

Building on the success of GBD 2010, IHME is expanding its network of researchers from around the world with expertise in specific diseases, injuries, and risk factors. Through this broader network, IHME hopes to strengthen the country-level assessments that are produced and make GBD updates more frequent. Application information is available here.

The World Bank Group and Health, Nutrition, and Population

The World Bank Group is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world, with the goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity. Improving health is integral to achieving these goals. The Bank Group provides financing, state-of-the-art analysis, and policy advice to help countries expand access to quality, affordable health care; protect people from falling into poverty or worsening poverty due to illness; and promote investments in all sectors that form the foundation of healthy societies.

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is a global health research organization at the University of Washington that provides rigorous and comparable measurement of the world’s most important health problems and evaluates the strategies used to address them. IHME makes this information widely available so that policymakers have the evidence they need to make informed decisions about how to allocate resources to best improve population health.

Source: World Bank

ENGLISH

MEP Vasile Blaga supports a fair green transition for Romania: Gas and nuclear energy must be considered transitory

Published

on

© Vasile Blaga / Facebook

MEP Vasile Blaga (PNL, EPP) reaffirms his support for a fair green transition for Romania, in which gas and nuclear energy are accepted in order to achieve the objectives set by the European Ecological Pact.

The European Parliament hosted yesterday, 30 May, a public hearing whose guests were several experts who debated, together with members of the two committees ECON and ENVI, the inclusion of gas and nuclear energy in the taxonomy of the European Union. Many of the opinions expressed push the debate towards a rejection of the European Commission’s proposal of March whereby nuclear energy and gas are considered, under certain conditions, green.

I reaffirm my support for the version proposed by the European Commission. There are many reasons why gas and nuclear energy should be considered transitional in order to achieve the objectives set by the European Green Pact. One of the reasons, and perhaps the most important one, relates to the realities on the ground in each Member State. France has a significant share of nuclear power, just as Germany is heavily dependent on gas. The decisions that the European Union needs to implement in order to achieve the objectives – already set and agreed by all Member States – need to be balanced first and foremost”, EPP MEP Vasile Blaga told European Way.

“Countries like Romania or Poland need a realistic transition towards the targets set by the Green Pact. Cohesion and solidarity in the European Union means that each Member State must take into account the other and, as a whole, decisions must not ignore any reality, be it further West or further East”, added the EPP MEP.

Continue Reading

ENGLISH

MEP Vasile Blaga: “New sanctions package against Russia is a strong sign of EU solidarity with Ukraine”

Published

on

MEP Vasile Blaga (PNL, EPP) welcomes the agreement reached by EU leaders on the latest sanctions package against Russia.

“The progressive embargo agreed yesterday evening by the European Council is a consistent step towards blocking the financing of the war unleashed by the Russian Federation in Ukraine. The sanctions will initially target 75% of imports of crude oil and petroleum products, rising to 90% by the end of the year”, the MEP told caleaeuropeana.ro.

According to the liberal MEP, the Council’s decision puts an end to a fundamentally unacceptable situation – condemning Russian aggression in Ukraine while financing it through hydrocarbon imports into the EU: “This is a necessary step in the attempt to force the Russian Federation to stop the absurd war in Ukraine. Of course, there will be voices saying that the 10% represents hesitation, failure or lack of solidarity. I place them squarely in line with those propagating pro-Russian rhetoric. The European Union also has a degree of heterogeneity, especially in terms of the degree to which economies are dependent on Russian hydrocarbons. In this context, blocking 90% of imports at the end of the year is undoubtedly a victory that I welcome”, said EPP MEP Vasile Blaga.

Continue Reading

ENGLISH

MEP Vasile Blaga: The most effective weapon against Russia’s blackmail to turn off the gas tap is EU solidarity

Published

on

© Vasile Blaga/Facebook

The cut-off of gas supplies to Poland and Bulgaria should be the start of the EU finding solutions to disconnect Europe from the Russian Federation, said MEP Vasile Blaga (PNL, EPP).

The MEP stressed that the most effective weapon against Russia’s blackmail to turn off the “gas tap” is EU solidarity.

“A generalised and overnight disconnection of Europe from Russian resources is not realistic, but in the medium and long term it is the only solution. The dependence of large EU economies – such as Germany’s – is a major obstacle to this necessary disconnection, but a united reaction, comparable to that during the pandemic, can provide the solutions to get out of this situation, which is immoral to say the least”, said the liberal MEP for the CaleaEuropeana.ro.

According to the MEP, it is necessary, as a first step, even if only in principle, for all EU Member States to speak “with one voice” on eliminating energy dependence on Russia.

“It is obvious that the European democratic architecture is incompatible with the immoral paradox of financing Russia’s war machine in the context of military aggression against the sovereign state of Ukraine. Then, without delay, we need to take concrete steps that will bring us within a reasonable timeframe closer to this priority objective”, added the EPP MEP.

Continue Reading

Facebook

ROMÂNIA43 mins ago

Nicolae Ciucă: Decizia SUA de a finanța cu 14 milioane de dolari studiile pentru reactoare modulare în România confirmă soliditatea Parteneriatului Strategic

ROMÂNIA3 hours ago

Klaus Iohannis salută anunțul lui Joe Biden de la summitul G7: SUA vor aloca 14 milioane de dolari pentru o nouă etapă a dezvoltării unui reactor nuclear modular în România

G73 hours ago

Liderii G7 au lansat Parteneriatul pentru infrastructură globală. Construirea unui reactor nuclear modular în România, printre proiectele emblematice ce vor fi finanțate

COMISIA EUROPEANA5 hours ago

Președinta Comisiei Europene anunță că „impactul global negativ al războiului Rusiei în Ucraina” este în centrul discuțiilor de la summitul G7

G75 hours ago

Boris Johnson îl avertizează pe Emmanuel Macron asupra negocierii unei soluții „acum” cu Rusia: Nu va face decât să provoace o instabilitate de durată

G76 hours ago

Summit G7: Franța se pronunță în favoarea stabilirii unui „preț maxim al petrolului” la nivelul „țărilor producătoare”

G77 hours ago

Ucraina cere țărilor G7 mai multe arme și sancțiuni împotriva Moscovei după un atac asupra Kievului

CONSILIUL EUROPEAN8 hours ago

Președintele Consiliului European: UE și țările G7 împărtășesc aceleași obiective – „oprirea mașinăriei de război a Rusiei și protejarea economiilor noastre”

G78 hours ago

Summit G7: Joe Biden îi mulțumește lui Olaf Scholz pentru „leadership-ul” de care a dat dovadă în criza legată de Ucraina

G79 hours ago

Marea Britanie, SUA, Canada și Japonia vor interzice importurile de aur rusesc: Trebuie să tăiem finanțarea regimului Putin

CONSILIUL EUROPEAN3 days ago

Klaus Iohannis: Îmi doresc să ajungem la ce am descris în prima mea campanie prezidențială, ca România și Moldova să fie împreună în UE

CONSILIUL EUROPEAN3 days ago

Klaus Iohannis, despre amânarea aderării României la spațiul Schengen: “Și pentru noi reprezintă o frustrare”

CONSILIUL EUROPEAN3 days ago

Klaus Iohannis, despre renunțarea la votul în unanimitate la nivelul UE: Este de dorit o arhitectură decizională “mai suplă”, dar acest lucru implică multe “complicații procedurale”

CONSILIUL EUROPEAN3 days ago

Klaus Iohannis este de acord cu comunitatea politică europeană propusă de Macron: Nu creăm un înlocuitor la aderare, dar nici așteptarea falsă că un stat va deveni automat membru UE

CONSILIUL EUROPEAN3 days ago

Klaus Iohannis, optimist că R. Moldova și Ucraina vor deveni candidate la UE: Acest statut este o “garanție că integrarea europeană se va întâmpla”

Cristian Bușoi3 days ago

Dosarul Stocării Gazelor: Acordul negociat de eurodeputatul Cristian Bușoi asigură că depozitele de gaze din UE vor fi umplute la cel puțin 80% din capacitate până în noiembrie

PARLAMENTUL EUROPEAN4 days ago

Din plenul PE, Andrej Plenković transmite sprijinul „de neclintit” al Croației pentru ca Ucraina să devină țară candidată la UE

INTERNAȚIONAL5 days ago

Într-un discurs adresat Uniunii Africane, Volodimir Zelenski acuză Rusia că ține Africa ”ostatică”: Pentru a elimina riscul de foamete, ”războiul de colonizare” împotriva Ucrainei trebuie să înceteze

INTERNAȚIONAL6 days ago

Declarația Summitului celor Trei Mări de la Riga: Klaus Iohannis și ceilalți lideri regionali au acordat Ucrainei statutul de “țară parteneră participantă” la Inițiativă

Eugen Tomac1 week ago

Ședință comună a Parlamentelor României și R. Moldova. Eugen Tomac: Suntem două state cu aceeași istorie, vorbim aceeași limbă. Trebuie să ne gândim la viitorul comun

Team2Share

Trending